Evgenia E. Muchnik, Leading Researcher of the Institute of Forest Science of RAS (Uspenskoe, Odyntsovs district, Moscow region, 143030, Russia); e-mail:
Lyudmila A. Konoreva, Researcher, Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute Kola Science Centre of RAS (184256, Murmansk region, Kirovsk, Botanical Garden); Komarov Botanical Institute of RAS (St.-Petersburg, Prof. Popova str., 2, 197376, Russia);
Marina V. Kazakova, Professor. Head of Laboratory for study and protection of biodiversity in the Ryazan State University (390000, Ryazan, Svobody Street, 46, Russia); e-mail:
Nikolay A. Sobolev, Senior Researcher of the Institute of Geography of RAS (119017, Moscow, Staromonetny Lane, 29, Russia); Senior Researcher of Laboratory for study and protection of biodiversity in the Ryazan State University (390000, Ryazan, Svobody Street, 46, Russia); e-mail:

Reference to article

Muchnik E.E., Konoreva L.A., Kazakova M.V., Sobolev N.A. 2019. The lichen biota of the Meshchera National Park (Vladimir Region, Russia) and Meshchersky National Park (Ryazan Region, Russia). Nature Conservation Research 4(1): 64–82.

Section Research articles

The article presents the results of lichenological studies at the territories of Meshchersky National Park (Klepiky district and Ryazan district of the Ryazan Region, Russia) and Meshchera National Park (Gus-Khrustalny district of the Vladimir Region, Russia). Both Protected Areas represent an entire natural-anthropogenic area created in 1992 to preserve the unique forests and wetlands of the Meshchera Lowland, and to restore forest-marsh territories damaged by draining and long-term extraction of peat. Both the national parks are located in the centre of the Meshchera Lowland, in the basin of the River Pra (left-side tributary of the River Oka), and its tributaries – the River Buzha and the River Pol. In 2008–2018, we studied the lichen diversity using the traditional route method with more detailed studies within 64 sample plots. The following habitat types were inspected: pine forests, mixed forests and small-leaved forests, floodplain oak forest, swamps, meadows and heaths, shores of water bodies, and anthropogenic biotopes. Material of previous studies was also included in the analysis. An annotated list included 199 lichen species and eight non-lichenised fungus-related species which are traditionally counted in lichen lists. They belong to 88 genera and 43 families. The similarity of the lichen lists of the two national parks is 0.63 according to the Sørensen-Dice index. Cladonia bacilliformis, Lecania naegelii, Peltigera polydactylon, Porpidia crustulata, Pycnora praestabilis, and Xylopsora caradocensis were new species for the Vladimir region. Cladonia bacilliformis, C. cervicornis, C. floerkeana, and Stictis mollis were new species for the Ryazan region. Cetraria ericetorum, Cladonia bacilliformis, C. cervicornis, C. floerkeana, Peltigera extenuata, Stictis mollis were new species for the Meshchersky National Park. Chaenotheca furfuracea, Cladonia bacilliformis, Lecania naegelii, Peltigera polydactylon, Porpidia crustulata, Pycnora praestabilis, Xylopsora caradocensis were new for the Meshchera National Park. Acrocordia gemmata, Bacidia rubella, Chaenotheca stemonea, Chaenothecopsis pusiola, and Cladonia parasitica were considered as indicators of old-growth and undisturbed forests. Four rare species (Bryoria fuscescens, B. nadvornikiana, Cetraria ericetorum, and Peltigera extenuata) are listed in the Red Data Book of the Ryazan region. The following 19 species are rare for the centre of European Russia: Absconditella delutula, Acarospora versicolor, Arthonia fusca, Bacidia friesii, Biatora albohyalina, Cladonia sulphurina, Lecania suavis, Lecanora fuscescens, Micarea erratica, Microcalicium ahlneri, Ochrolechia androgyna, Porpidia soredizodes, Rhizocarpon reductum, Stictis mollis, Thelocarpon laureri, Thelloma ocellatum, Toninia athallina, Trapelia placodioides, and Xanthoparmelia stenophylla. In total, the species richness of lichen biotas in both national parks is equivalent to that in the Oka State Nature Reserve (208 species).


indicator species, lichens, Meshchera Lowland, Protected Area, rare species

Artice information

Received: 14.11.2018. Revised: 13.12.2018. Accepted: 02.01.2019.

The full text of the article

Ardelean I.V. Keller C., Scheidegger C. 2013. Lichen flora of Rodnei Mountains National park (Eastern Carpathians, Romania) including new records for the Romanian mycoflora. Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 50: 101–115. DOI: 10.12697/fce.2013.50.13
Arup U., Søchting U., Frödén P. 2013. A new taxonomy of the family Teloschistaceae. Nordic Journal of Botany 31: 16–83. DOI: 10.1111/j.1756-1051.2013.00295.x
Azbukina R.E., Bykov Yu.A., Vakhromeev I.V., Veselkin G.A., Davydova S.N., Gorkavyi V.I., Karpinskiy A.Yu., Lavrov I.A., Mikhlin V.E., Petrichenko L.N., Sergeev M.A., Seregin P.A., Skripchenko L.S., Skripchenko F.A., Uskov M.V., Tsadkina A.A. 2008. Red Data Book of Vladimir Region. Vladimir: Transit-IKS. 400 p. [In Russian]
Bennet J.P., Wetmore C.M. 2005. Lichens of the U. S. National Parks. Bryologist 108(4): 544–553. DOI: 10.1639/0007-745(2005)108[0544:LOTUSN]2.0.CO;2
Berger F., Türk R. 2015. Die Amphibische Flechtenflora Der Alpinen Quellflur «Lackenböden» im Dösental (Mallnitz, Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Kärnten, Österreich). Herzogia 28(2): 348–358. DOI: 10.13158/heia.28.2.2015.348
Divakar P.K., Crespo A., Kraichak E., Leavitt S.D., Singh G., Schmitt I., Lumbsch H.T. 2017. Using a temporal phylogenetic method to harmonize family- and genus-level classification in the largest clade of lichen-forming fungi. Fungal Diversity 84(1): 101–114. DOI: 10.1007/s13225-017-0379-z
Eversman S., Wetmore C.M., Glew K., Bennet J.P. 2002. Patterns of Lichen Diversity in Yellowstone National Park. Bryologist 105(1): 27–42. DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745(2002)105[0027:POLDIY]2.0.CO;2
Fałtynowicz W., Kowalewska A., Fałtynowicz H., Piegdoń A., Patejuk K., Górski P., Halama M., Sraniaszek-Kik M. 2018. Epiphitic lichens of Quercus robur in Wigry National Park (NE Poland). Steciana 22(1): 9–17. DOI: 10.12657/steciana.022.002
Ford S.E. 1998. Lichens of Mount Buffalo National Park: a preliminary report. Victorian Naturalist 115(5): 210–214.
Hafellner J., Türk R. 2016. The lichenized fungi of Austria – a new checklist of the taxa so far recorded, with data to distribution and substrate ecology. Stapfia 104(1): 1–216.
Himelbrant D.E., Kuznetsova E.S. 2009. Lichens. In: Survey of biologically valuable forests in North-Western European Russia. Vol. 2. Identification manual of species to be used during survey and stand level. St. Petersburg. P. 93–138. [In Russian]
Ivanchev V.P., Kazakova M.V. (Eds). 2011. Red Data Book of Ryazan Region: Second edition, revised and updated. Ryazan: Golos gubernii. 626 p. [In Russian]
Kazakova M.V., Sobolev N.A. (Eds.). 2004. Nature Reserve Fund of the Ryazan Region. Ryazan: Russkoye slovo. 420 p. [In Russian]
Khedim R., Maatoug M., Benhassaini H., Hammou M.A. 2018. Macrolichens new to Algeria and other interesting species from Theniet-el-Had National park. Herzogia 31(1): 252–267. DOI: 10.13158/099.031.0121
Knudsen K., Kocourková J. 2017. What is Acarospora nitrophila (Acarosporaceae)? Bryologist 120(2): 124–128. DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745-120.2.124
Lendemer J.C. 2013. A monograph of the crustose members of the genus Lepraria Ach. s. str. (Stereocaulaceae, Lichenized Ascomycetes) in North America north of Mexico. Opuscula Philolichenum 11: 27–141.
Lücking R., Hodkinson B.P., Leavitt S.D. 2016. The 2016 classification of lichenized fungi in the Ascomycota and Basidiomycota – Approaching one thousand genera). Bryologist 119(4): 361–416. DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745-119.4.361
Makarova I.I., Himelbrant D.E. 2008. Family Chrysotrichaceae. In: Handbook of the lichens of Russia. Vol. 10. Agyriaceae, Anamylopsoraceae, Aphanopsidaceae, Arthrorhaphidaceae, Brigantiaeaceae, Chrysotrichaceae, Clavariaceae, Gomphillaceae, Gypsoplacaceae, Lecanoraceae, Lecideaceae, Mycoblastaceae, Phlyctidaceae, Physciaceae, Pilocarpaceae, Psoraceae, Ramalinaceae, Stereocaulaceae, Vezdaceae, Tricholomataceae. St. Petersburg: Nauka. P. 55–58. [In Russian]
Muchnik E.E. 2013. Lichens of «Orlovskoye Polesie» National Park (Oryol region, Central Russia): An annotated checklist. Research Notes of the Orel State University. Natural Sciences 6(56): 125–132. [In Russian]
Muchnik E.E. 2015. Lichens as indicators of forest ecosystems in the Center of European Russia. Forestry Engineering Journal 5(3): 65–76. [In Russian]
Muchnik E.E. 2016. Lichen biota of Orel region (Central Russia): An annotated checklist. Phytodiversity of Eastern Europe 3: 6–28. [In Russian]
Muchnik E.E., Blagoveshchenskaya E.Yu., Volosnova L.F. 2018. At the distribution of Phaeocalicium poliporaeum (Nyl.) Tibell (Mycocaliciaceae, Ascomycota) in the European part of Russia. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya 52(2): 150–152. [In Russian]
Muchnik E.E., Kazakova M.V., Loseva E.A. 2009. Lichenological studies in the Ryazan region: history, results, problems and prospects. In: M.V. Kazakova (Ed.): Proceedings of the Ryazan Branch of the Russian Botanical Society. Vol. 1. Flora and Vegetation. Ryazan. P. 27–55. [In Russian]
Muchnik E.E., Konoreva L.A. 2012. Additions to the lichen flora of Ryazan region (Central Russia). Novosti Sistematiki Nizshikh Rastenii 46: 174–189. [In Russian]
Muchnik E.E., Konoreva L.A. 2017. New and noteworthy records of lichens and allied fungi from central European Russia. Herzogia 30(2): 509–514.
Muchnik E.E., Konoreva L.A., Kazakova M.V. 2011. Towards the study of lichen diversity in the National Park «Meschersky» (Ryazan region, Central Russia). In: Exploration and conservation of natural landscapes. Conference Book of the International scientific and practical conference dedicated 80th anniversary of the Volgograd State Social and Pedagogical University and the Natural-geographical faculty of the VSSPU (Volgograd, 12–15 September, 2011). Мoscow: Planeta. P. 146–150. [In Russian]
Muchnik E.E., Konoreva L. A., Kazakova M.V. 2012. A first survey of lichen diversity in the national park «Meschersky» (Ryazan region, central Russia). In: The IAL-7 Symposium 2012 Lichens: from genome to ecosystems in a changing world (9–13 January 2012, Chaophya Park Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand). Bangkok. P. 119.
Nordin A., Moberg R., Tønsberg T., Vitikainen O., Dalsätt Å., Myrdal M., Snitting D., Ekman S. 2011. Santesson's Checklist of Fennoscandian Lichen-forming and Lichenicolous Fungi. Version 29. Available from:
Notov A.A. 2010. National Park «Zavidovo»: Vascular plants, Bryophytes, Lichens. Moscow: Delovoy Mir. 432 p. [In Russian]
Notov A.A., Notov V.A., Fertikov V.I. 2018. On the distribution of some rare and protected species of lichens in the Moscow part of the Zavidovo National Park. Bulletin of the Tver State University. Series Biology and Ecology 1: 138–150. [In Russian]
Ogureeva G.N. (Ed.). 2015. Biomes of Russia. Scientific-referential biogeographic map. Moscow: Finansovyi i organizatsionnyi consulting. [In Russian]
Ozimec S., Bošković I., Florijančić T., Jelkić D., Opačak A., Puškadija Z., Labak I. 2010. The lichen flora of Risnjak National Park (Croatia). Acta Botanica Croatica 69(1): 19–29.
Rubio C., Saavedra M., Cuéllar M., Díazi R., Quilnot W. 2013. Epiphytic lichens of Conguillío National Park, southern Chile. Gayana Botanica 70(1): 66–81. DOI: 10.4067/S0717-6643201300010000870(1)
Seregin A.P. 2013. New flora of the Meshchera National Park (Vladimir Oblast, Russia): Cheklist, distribution atlas, peculiarities, and distributional changes in species over the last decade (20022012). Tula: ASTRA. 296 p. [In Russian]
Sørensen, T. 1948. A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species and its application to analyses of the vegetation on Danish commons. Biologiske Skrifter. Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab 5: 1–34.
Stepanchikova I.S., Gagarina L.V. 2014. Collection, identification and storage of lichenological collections. In: M.P. Andreev, D.E. Himelbrant (Eds): The Lichen Flora of Russia: Biology, Ecology, Diversity, Distribution and Methods to Study Lichens. Moscow, St. Petersburg: Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. P. 204–219. [In Russian]
The Plant List. 2013. Version 1.1. Available from:
Tufan Ö., Sümbül H., Türk A.Ö. 2006. The lichen flora of the Termessos National Park in Southwestern Turkey. Turkish Lichens 2 1–12.
Volosnova L.F. 2014. Flora of the Oksky State Nature Reserve (vascular plants, mosses, fungi, lichens). Ryazan: Golos Gubernii. 216 p. [In Russian]
Vozbrannaya A.E. 2011. Natural complexes of the National Park «Meshchera» and their study. In: Proceeding of the 5th Regional Conference on Environmental Education «Environmental Education for Sustainable Development» (24.12.2010). Vladimir: Transit-IKS. P. 87–92. [In Russian]
Zhdanov I.S. 2009. In some interesting records of lichens in Central Russia. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Biological Series 114(6): 73–74. [In Russian]
Zhdanov I.S. 2012. Lichenological studies in Vladimir region. In: Modern mycology in Russia. Vol. 3. Proceedings of the third congress of mycologists of Russia. Moscow: National Academy of Mycology. P. 258–259. [In Russian]
Zhdanov I.S. 2014. New and rare lichen species from various regions of Russia. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Biological Series 119(6): 76–78. [In Russian]
Zhdanov I.S., Volosnova L.F. 2012. Contribution to the lichen flora of Meshchera Lowland (within Vladimir and Ryazan Regions). Novosti Sistematiki Nizshikh Rastenii 46: 145–160. [In Russian]
Wieczorek A., Łysko A. 2010. Lichen biota of the Drawa National Park. In: A. Grześkowiak, B. Nowak (Eds.): Dynamics of natural processes in thr Drawa river catchment in the Drawa National Park. Poznań. P. 153–163.