Guidelines for Authors
Fund for Support and Development of Protected Areas "Bear Land" invites you to publish your research materials in a scientific journal “Nature Conservation Research". It aims for communicating results and novel ideas in research of biodiversity at Protected Areas, conservation of population of rare and endangered species of flora and fauna.
This international periodical journal has no page charges.
"Nature Conservation Research" is indexed in Web of Science Core Collection (database Emerging Sources Citation Index), Scopus, Russian Science Citation Index database, DOAJ, CrossRef, Index Copernicus, ResearchGate, and others.
"Nature Conservation Research" has an ISSN 2500-008X.
Publication frequency is 4 issues per year.
Starting since March 2021, we don't send hard copies of issues of the journal Nature Conservation Research to authors.
Three main requirements for submitted manuscripts: a manuscript must 1) either be based on studies conducted (exclusively or predominantly) within Protected Area(s), or 2) be devoted (exclusively or predominantly) to rare and/or threatened species; 3) a manuscript must be of interest to an international readership, even if its immediate scope is local.
– Biodiversity and conservation of rare and threatened species.
– Inventory of living organisms in Protected Areas and other territories.
– Study and conservation of objects of non-living nature in Protected Areas.
– Long-term monitoring of environment components in Protected Areas.
– New concepts, methods and techniques for nature conservation.
– Anthropogenic transformation of natural ecosystems, invasive alien species in Protected Areas.
– Paleontological studies in Protected Areas.
– Ecosystems management for nature conservation.
– The legal basis for nature conservation and management.
– History and development prospects of reserve management and studies.
General information for authors of journal "Nature Conservation Research"
Journal considers manuscripts of following types and volumes:
1.Review articles and Discussion papers (up to 30 pages).
2.Original Research (15–20 pages).
3.Short Reports (up to 7 pages).
4.Chronicle, Book Reviews, Anniversaries (5–7 pages).
5.Research Notes (up to 1 page).
Volume of manuscripts can be increased by agreement with the Editorial Board.
- We do not publish papers containing solely species lists for any area, although manuscripts using such data to address important questions of nature conservation may be considered.
- The journal «Nature Conservation Research» don't consider for publishing the additions to the flora/fauna of a certain Protected Area being a result of continuous monitoring of this area; however, final results of long-term inventory of flora/fauna could be considered.
Publication frequency is 4 issues per year.
1. Journal “Nature Conservation Research" publishes papers written in Russian or English. But papers in English are preferred.
2. All materials must be submitted in electronic version. List of these includes:
a. file of manuscript prepared in Microsoft Word and named by first author name (example: ivanov.doc);
b. file with information about authors (see example below), containing the author(s) name, contact details (affiliation, position, email and postal addresses) and iD ORCID of each author; file must be named by the name of the first author with the prefix -attrib (example: Ivanov-attrib.doc):
EXAMPLE: Anatoliy A. Khapugin, PhD, Senior Researcher of the Joint Directorate of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve and National Park “Smolny" (430005, Russia, Republic of Mordovia, Saransk, Krasnaya Street, 30); Researcher of the Tyumen State University (625003, Russia, Tyumen, Volodarskogo Street, 6); iD ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6059-2779; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org;
c.graphics files should be saved as one of the following formats: JPEG or TIFF. Each file must contain one picture and be named as follows: fig1.jpg, fig2.jpg, etc., which numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript).
3.The manuscript that is sent to the journal “Nature Conservation Research" should be carefully edited by authors.
4.Editorial board has the rights to decline the papers which have formatting errors or do not correspond to the journal thematics.
Manuscripts should be submitted only in a file format WinWord.doc. At second step, the manuscript will be checked to suitability with the rules for authors of the journal “Nature Conservation Research". After this it will be sent to at least two appropriate reviewers. In a case of positive conclusion of reviewers, manuscript will be sent to the corresponding author with comments of the reviewer and editorial board for further revision. Then, author should present the corrected version of the manuscript and answers to the comments of reviewers within one month. If there is a delay with sending the corrected manuscript more than one month, the re-submission of the manuscript will be considered as a new submission.
Manuscript will be accepted for publication only after receiving the positive recommendations of all invited reviewers and agreeing the Editorial Board with their opinions. This reply must include final version of manuscript and a file with answers to the comments of reviewers. The article will be published after creation of PDF-proof and its approving by authors. After this step, any claims for formatting and content of the article will not be considered. Editorial Board will not liable for factual, spelling and stylistic errors in papers after acceptance of reply from author.
Manuscript must be compiled in the following order: manuscript title, full names of author(s), affiliation with postal address, abstract, key words, main text including all figures and tables (if any) embedded in the appropriate places, acknowledgements (if any), references.
The text should be checked in advance by a native speaker or by a sworn translator. Otherwise most likely the manuscript will be rejected. Manuscripts should be only in British English (or UK English). Be consistent throughout the manuscript. Linguistic usage should be correct. Avoid the use of the passive voice.
Manuscripts must be include the following sections: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion (A combined Results and Discussion section is also appropriate), Conclusions, Acknowledgements (if any), References.
Text of manuscript must be prepared in WinWord(use 12-point Times New Roman Cyr, indentation –
Manuscripts must contain only physical units and terms adopted in the International System of Units, the IUPAC nomenclature for chemical substances, geographical names consistent with modern geographical atlases. Values of a metric system should be preferably used (i.e. m, dm3, m2 or km2). Authors should strictly follow the last edition of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature and the International Code of Nomenclature of algae, fungi and plants. A species mentioned in the text for the first time must be supplied with its author(s) and the year of publication (for animal taxa).
All abbreviations (except for commonly used) must be deciphered.
Species and genus names of organisms must be marked in italics. Each first mentioning of a species name within the text must be provided with author(s)' name(s) (for plants) or with author(s)' name(s) and year (for animals).
To name organisms, Latin names must be used. Avoid using common names in any languages (they can be mentioned only as supplemental data). Exclusions could include widely used common names of middle and large mammals and some other certain widely known animals. Latin names of plant taxa should be standardized using database Plants of the World Online (http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/).
Geographic co-ordinates should be used in decimal form, i.e. you should present them as 46.591650 N, 49.178883 E, avoiding the following form: 46°35.499' N, 49°10.733' E.
References in the text are to be cited with author(-s) and year and be placed in parentheses in strict chronological order. Examples: Vargot, 2014 (or, “according to Vargot (2014)") – if this is publication of one author; Ruchin & Egorov, 2007 (or “as proposed by Ruchin & Egorov (2007)") – if this is publication of two authors; Egorov et al., 2015 (or “according to Egorov et al. (2015)") – if this is publication of three and more authors.
All electronic address (URL) must be prepared as hyperlinks to the active web pages.
Authors must different using of a dash «–» and hyphen «-»: Dash without spaces means the interval “from–to" in numeric and character values: example: 5–7 pages. Dash with spaces is used to denote dash in a text, period of the year, etc.: examples: ... where r – radius, m; ... in July – August.... Hyphen without spaces: red-violet color, single-flowered raceme, etc.
Spaces are needed in following cases: a) between number and the dimension (example: 3.0–3.2 mm); b) to describe hybrids (example: Mentha × piperita).
Spaces must not be placed in the following cases: a) between number and sign “percent" между цифрами и знаком «процент» (example: 34%); b) between number and the dimension “degree Celsius" (example:
Manuscript begins from title. It is written in bold, 14-point capital letters. Full name(s) of author(s) must be written in bold, 12 points. If there are two and more authors, their full names must be separated by commas.
Affiliation of each author must be written. If authors are from different organizations, it is necessary to use superscripts indicating the relevant organizations (the highest level of them, without indicating of their branches, faculties, lower-level institutions, laboratories, departments, etc.). Affiliations must be written in italics, 11 points with indicating the relevant organizations and email addresses of authors. Affiliations must be left-aligned.
Title of paper, list of full names of authors must be separated by space lines and be center fitted.
Text of abstract must be meaningful (to reflect the main content of the paper and results of study), informative (not contain common words), structured (follow the logic of description of the results in paper), self-sufficient (without references to the publications, with clear designations, no abbreviations). Abstract must be from 250 to 600 words in 10 points.
Structure of abstracts can be changed beginning from results and conclusion. Results must be presented extremely accurately and informatively. The main theoretical and experimental results, the actual data, interconnections and patterns must be presented. At the same time, preference should be given to new results and long-term significance, important discoveries, conclusions that refute existing theories as well as data which have practical importance in author's opinion. Conclusion can be accompanied by recommendations, assessments, suggestions, hypotheses, described in paper.
From 5 to 10 words (in 10 points) must be written after abstract in alphabetical order. Do not use the key words, which are presented in the title of a manuscript.
Introduction. State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background. For this, Introduction section should contain 3 formal parts. At first, information should be provided about the general topic of the article in the light of the current literature which paves the way for the disclosure of the objective of the manuscript. Secondly, the specific subject matter, and the issue to be focused on should be dealt with, the problem should be brought forth, and fundamental references related to the topic should be discussed. Finally, explanation of the topic in the light of the current literature should be made in clear, and precise terms as if the reader is completely ignorant of the subject.
Material and methods. Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
Results. The section contains all of the data to support (or refute) the hypothesis that was proposed in the introduction section. Results should be clear and concise.
Discussion. The Discussion should explain the significance of the results (but not repeat them) and place them into a broader context. It is often helpful to the reader to indicate the directions in which the work might be built on going forward. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate.
Conclusions. The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
The use of the names of Russian Protected Areas and useful sources
If authors use names of
Before submitting of manuscript(s) to the «Nature Conservation Research» authors should check what was published earlier relative to their manuscript in order to avoid both plagiarism and incompleteness of data in manuscript. Authors may do it through following sources: CyberLeninka (http://cyberleninka.ru/), eLIBRARY (http://elibrary.ru/), CrossRef (http://search.crossref.org/) DOAJ (https://doaj.org/), ResearchGate (https://www.researchgate.net/directory/publications).
If manuscript is directly devoted to managing, protecting, enhancing or restoring of biodiversity or ecosys-tem services, authors should check database Conservation Evidence (www.conservationevidence.com).
Figures and graphics
Graphical material (graphics, schemes, photography, pictures) must be embedded into text of manuscript after the first mention of them. The total volume of graphical materials (figures, tables, etc.) should not exceed 35-40% of the total volume of the main text (from Introduction until Acknowledgements [i.e. excluding References]). Graphics should be separated from main text on top and bottom by line spaces. All figures must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2). In multi-part figures, each part should be labeled (e.g. Figure 1(a), Figure 1(b)). All figures must have appropriate legends. Each legend must end with a point.
Please provide the highest quality figure format possible. Please be sure that all imported scanned material is scanned at the appropriate resolution: 1200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale and 300 dpi for color. In a case of color figures, Color illustrations should be prepared so that the information is not distorted in the black-and-white printing. Figures must be saved in separate files as one of the following formats: JPEG or TIFF.
All the necessary clarifications on the figures should be indicated by numbers (or letters). They must be decrypted in figure legends.
Figures must be center fitted; figure legends must be width fitted (without indentation).
Fig. 2. Seedlings of Neottianthe cucullata Schlt.
Numbers and indices
Manuscript must contain uniform writing of all formulas, symbols, hyphens, dashes, etc. Necessary Avoid mixed use of Russian and Latin indices. The indices should be explained in parenthesis or in context.
Dates should be provided with indicating of a century: «in 1990s» instead «in 90s»; and «during 1956–1959» instead «during 1956–59»).
Decimal fractions must contain a point, not a comma to separate fractions (
Use particular conventions if you are required to write digits:
a. Numbers 1–9999 do NOT use spaces or commas (e.g. 3333–no spaces for four digit numbers).
b. Numbers 10 000–999 999 have a single space between the hundreds and thousands (e.g. There were 287 701 participants in the survey.).
c. Numbers from 1 000 000 have a single space between millions and thousands, and between thousands and hundreds (e.g. The population of this Australian city was 2 467 789 on the 3 December 2008.).
Formulas in the manuscript should be prepared in Microsoft Equation or MathType Equation using 12-points style Math. All formulas and letter symbols should be prepared using the PC with a clear layout of all the features of the text (indices, bold text, etc.).
Numeric material should be presented in tables. Tables must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript (e.g. Figure 1, Figure 2). All columns and rows in tables should be separated by vertical and horizontal lines. Abbreviations (except commonly accepted) in the tables are not allowed.
Allowed to use a smaller font in text of tables (for example, 10 points). All tables must have appropriate legends. Each legend must end with a point. Tables must be center fitted, legends of tables must be width fitted (without indentation).
Table 7. Morphometric parameters for generative individuals of Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soó in coenopopulation studied in 2014 (ngen=12)
Height of individuals, cm.
Number of leaves
Length of leaves, cm
Width of leaves, cm
Number of flowers per one shoot
Note: M – mean value, m – error of the mean, min – minimal value, max – maximal value
Formatting of taxonomic manuscripts
Language: taxonomic manuscripts should be submitted only in English.
General guidelines. By submitting and discussing nomenclature issues, authors should strictly adhere to the rules of the last edition of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and plants (http://www.iapt-taxon.org/nomen/main.php?page=title) and International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (http://www.iczn.org/iczn/index.jsp) and its amendment (http://iczn.org/content/electronic-publication-made-available-amendment-code). Locations should be associated with large geographical objects which are presented in small-scale maps. It is strongly recommended to list geographical coordinates as taken from GPS or online gazetteer, or georeferencer. Include latitude, longitude, elevation, habitat, microhabitat information of primary type material.
Type material: By submitting manuscripts with description of new taxa, authors should indicate where type material is deposited. Holotype should not be deposited in private collections. Include images of type material or representative species.
Zoological manuscripts: Authors of newly described taxa should indicate type genus (for taxa from tribe to superfamily), type species (for new genus-group names) and type material for species-group names. Authors should use the following order in description of new taxa: Genus (subgenus): Name, type species, diagnosis, comparison and notes, etymology. Species (subspecies): Name; Material (holotype and paratype, or syntypes, or hapantotypes) with indication, if possible and needed, number of type specimens (paratypes, syntypes), gender, ontogenetic stage, caste, sizes, preservation method or preparation type, place of deposition and inventory numbers (if any); Location (geographic data arranged in order from larger units to smaller ones), collection date, full name of collector, host name (e.g., fodder plant) and other data from a label; Description; Variability; Differential diagnosis; Comparison; Biology; Geographical distribution; Etymology. Names of a species and a genus should be written in italics. New names of taxa must comply with the rules of Latin grammar and be accompanied by the author's surname in the Latin transliteration adopted by this author.
Botanical manuscripts: The synonyms in nomenclatural citations should be listed in the following order: Accepted name, its synonyms, based on the same type (homotypic synonyms and nomenclatural synonyms), being placed in the same paragraph in chronological order of publications. The identity sign (≡) should be placed between homotypic synonyms. Synonyms of accepted name, based on other types (heterotypic, taxonomical) should be appeared each on a new line (paragraph) with its type on a separate line. Paragraphs should be arranged in chronological (oldest first) order, each paragraph should be started since equality sign (=). By citing the labels with incomplete geographical data, we recommend to indicate a country or major region in square brackets (e.g., [India], [Western Siberia]). Also, for renamed geographic objects we recommend to indicate (together with former names written in original labels) modern names of these objects. Latin names of taxa should be given according to the following databases: Plants of the World Online (http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/) for plants, Index Fungorum (http://www.indexfungorum.org/Names/Names.asp) for fungi, AlgaeBase (http://www.algaebase.org/) for algae. By describing new taxa of fungi, after the name of a taxon, the number assigned to it during the registration MycoBank (http://www.mycobank.org/) should be given. By using synonyms different from ones in mentioned databases, authors must provide references to relevant taxonomic publications. References to studied specimens should be concise, but at the same time they should contain full information needed to their identification in a collection (field and collection numbers, barcodes, etc.). Citations of herbarium labels should be given if the following order (regardless of the original spelling): Main text; Date; Full name(s) of collector(s), number (if any). Information, not indicated in a label, but identified according to indirect sources, should be given in square brackets. After citation of a label, authors should indicate (in brackets) Herbarium acronym (according to Index Herbariorum: http://sweetgum.nybg.org/science/ih/), collection number, barcode (if any). All specimens studied by personally author should be marked by the following sign «!».
Creation of dichotomous keys: In a typical dichotomous key, leads should be opposite to each other in meaning so that the species can be easily distinguished. Please do not format the key; provide it in the simple layout mentioned below. Leads should be numbered using Arabic numerals and sign «+» as it is shown in example below – each lead in separate paragraph without empty lines between them. The formatting of a key should be the same that for the whole text.
Keys must follow the example below.
All publications cited in the text should be given in unnumbered reference list following the text (without indentation, 12 points).
Authors must provide DOIs for all references having those.
Authors must provide full titles for Journals (avoid restrictions).
References must include following information:
Smith J.N. Year. Publication name. Journal Volume (Issue): Pages.
Valuiskikh O.E., Teteryuk L.V. 2013. Structure and dynamics of marginal Gymnadenia conopsea (L.) R. Br. (Orchidaceae) populations on limestones in the north-east of European Russia. Russian Journal of Ecology 6: 420–427. [In Russian]
Gomes L.R.P., Franceschi C.D.R.B., Ribas L.L.F. 2015. Micropropagation of Brasilidium forbesii (Orchidaceae) through transverse and longitudinal thin cell layer culture. Acta Scientiarum Biological Sciences 37(2): 143–149.
Article in Proceeding Book or Chapter in Book
Smith J.N. Year. Publication name. In: J.K. Lawrence (Ed.). Conference Book (or Proceedings). City: Publisher. Pages.
Smith J.N. Year. Publication name. Book. City: Publisher. Pages.
Ruchin A.B., Artaev O.N., Lukiyanov S.V. 2008. Ichtyofauna of some rivers of the
Fay M.F., Krauss S.L. 2003. Orchid conservation genetics in the molecular age. In: K.W. Dixon, S.P. Kell, R.L. Barrett, P.J. Cribb (eds.). Orchid conservation.
Smith J.N. Year. Book. City: Publisher. Pages.
Smith J.N. Year. Book / J.K. Lawrence (ed.). City: Publisher. Pages.
Tatarenko I.V. 1996. Orchids of
Dressler R.L. 1993. Phylogeny and classification of the orchid family.
Source without author / editor
Book title. Year. City: Publisher. Pages.
Source title. Year. Main content [if possible]. City: Publisher. Pages.
Vascular plants of the
IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1, second ed.
Author(s). Year. Material name. Publisher website name. Accessed at URL.
Source title. Publisher website name, Year. Accessed at URL.
Projeto de Conservação e Utilização Sustentável da Diversidade Biológica Brasileira [PROBIO]. 2007. Subprojeto mapeamento dos biomas brasileiros. Brasília-DF: MMA e CNPq. Accessed at http://www.mma.gov.br/biodiversidade/projetos-sobre-a-biodiveridade/projeto-de-conserva%C3%A7%C3%A3o-e-utiliza%C3%A7%C3%A3o-sustent%C3%A1vel-da-diversidade-biol%C3%B3gica-brasileira-probio-i [In Portuguese]
Thiers B. 2016. Index Herbariorum: a global directory of public herbaria and associated staff.