Article

Article name ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS OF STUDENTS LIVING NEAR SELECTED NATIONAL PARKS IN COUNTRIES OF VISEGRÁD GROUP
Authors

Peter Repka, Department of Biology and Ecology in University of Matej Bel in Banská Bystrica (Slovakia) (974-01 Banská Bystrica, Tajovského 40 St., Slovakia).
Beata Barabasz-Krasny, Department of Botany of the Institute of Biology Pedagogical University (Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Cracow, Poland).
Katarzyna Możdżeń, Department of Plant Physiology of the Institute of Biology Pedagogical University (Podchorążych 2 St., 30-084 Cracow, Poland); e-mail: kasiamozdzen@interia.pl
Peter Urban, Department of Biology and Ecology in University of Matej Bel in Banská Bystrica (Slovakia) (974-01 Banská Bystrica, Tajovského 40 St., Slovakia).
Juraj Švajda, Department of Biology and Ecology in University of Matej Bel in Banská Bystrica (Slovakia) (974-01 Banská Bystrica, Tajovského 40 St., Slovakia).

Reference to article

Repka P., Barabasz-Krasny B., Możdżeń K., Urban P., Švajda J. 2017. Environmental awareness of students living near selected national parks in countries of Visegrád group. Nature Conservation Research 2(Suppl. 2): 56–65. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2017.035

Section Resarch articles
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2017.035
Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate environmental awareness of young people and effectiveness of education used by national parks. The research occurred in the period from 2012 to 2014. The Veľká Fatra National Park (Slovakia), Bohemian Switzerland National Park (Czech Republic), Bieszczady National Park (Poland) and Bükki National Park (Hungary) as parks of countries of the Visegrád Group were analysed. The study was focused on the target group of students of gymnasiums and secondary schools in the regions where national parks are located and outside these regions. In all the analysed countries we used a questionnaire, which was distributed among 1301 students. For each respondent, answers were entered in a spreadsheet and statistically analysed. The following non-parametric statistical tests were used: Kruskal-Wallis, Friedman, Wilcoxon and parametric ANOVA. The best results were noted among students from Poland and the Czech Republic. In other countries of the Visegrád Group therefore it is appropriate to introduce actions aiming at increasing the ecological awareness of students, according to the models of education functioning in national parks and schools in Poland and the Czech Republic. It is also necessary to revise the ways in which national environmental education exists in all studied countries, as well as to strengthen volunteer activities.

Keywords

environmental awareness, national parks, students of gymnasium and secondary schools, Visegrád Group

Artice information

Received: 12.04.2017

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