Sergey Yu. Popov, PhD, Senior Researcher, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Biological Faculty; e-mail:

Reference to article

Popov S.Yu. 2017. Vegetation of birch and aspen forests in the Pinega State Reserve. Nature Conservation Research 2(2): 66–83.

Section Research articles

The Pinega State Nature Reserve (Russia) is located in the Arkhangelsk region in the northern taiga subzone. Together with spruce forests and mires, birch forests represent one of the most wide-spread plant communities of its territory. Birch forests cover 24.6% of the Reserve's area. Aspen forests are rare plant communities in the Pinega Reserve. These forests cover only 0.9% of the whole Reserve's area. The birch and aspen forests vegetation has been classified based on 82 relevès. Eleven associations could be distinguished, which represent six groups of associations. Detailed characteristics of these syntaxa are provided including their biodiversity analysis. The analysis allowed establishing that the revealed syntaxa differ in relation to habitat environmental conditions: e.g., soil moisture, trophicity, nitrogen saturation and soil acidity. Sphagnum and blueberry birch forests proved to be the poorest in nitrogen, in contrast to the richest humidoherbaceous and broad-grassed groups of birch forest associations. Broad-grassed birch forests in the Pinega Reserve inhabit the most drained locations, while humidoherbaceous and Sphagnum forests occur in lesser drained locations.


aspen forests, associations, association groups, birch forests, non-metric scaling, species diversity, species richness

Artice information

Received: 29.12.2016

The full text of the article

Abaturov Yu.D., Zvorykina K.V., Iljushenko A.F. 1982. Birch forests type in central part of South Taiga subzone. Moscow: Nauka. 155 p. [In Russian]
Buzunova I.O. 1974. Birch forests in Sotkinskii landscape of the Middle Pinega Region. Leningrad State University Gazette 1: 108–113. [In Russian]
Classification and diagnognostic of soils of the USSR. Moscow, 1977. 222 p. [In Russian]
Chuprov N.P. 1986. Birch forests. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 103 p. [In Russian]
Degteva S.V., Zheleznova G.V., Pystina T.N., Shubin T.P. 2001. Phytocoenotic and floristic structure of deciduous forests of the European North. St. Petersburg. 269 p. [In Russian]
Gebotanical subdivision of nonchernozem zone of the European part of the RSFSR. Leningrad: Nauka, 1989. 64 p. [In Russian]
Ignatov M.S., Ignatova E.A. 2004. Flora of mosses of the Middle part of European Russia. Vol. 1, 2. Moscow. 944 p. [In Russian]
Ipatov V.S. 1960. Birch forest of eastern regions of the Leningrad Province. Scientific notes of the Leningrad State University. Geobotany 29: 156–170. [In Russian]
Jongman R.H.G., C.J.F. ter Braak, O.F.R. van Tongeren. 1999. Data analysis in community and landscape ecology. Moscow. 306 p. [In Russian]
Khalafyan A.A. 2010. Mathematical Statistics with elements of the theory of probability. Moscow: Binom. 491 p. [In Russian]
Lebedeva N.V., Krivolutski D.A., Puzachenko Yu.G., Diakonov K.N., Aleshchenko G.M., Smurov A.V., Maksimov V.V., Tikunov V.S., Ogureeva G.N., Kotova T.N. 2002. Geography and monitoring of biodiversity. Moscow. 432 p. [In Russian]
McCune B., Mefford M.J. 2006. PC-ORD. Multivariate analysis of Ecological Data, Version 5. MjM Software Design, Gleneden Beach, Oregon. 300 p.
Mirkin B.M., Naumova L.G. 1998. Vegetation Science (history and current status of concepts). Ufa. 413 p. [In Russian]
Popov S.Yu. 2016a. The vegetation of spruce forests in the Pinega State Reserve. Nature Conservation Research 1(2): 38–58. [In Russian]
Popov S.Yu. 2017b. Structure and features of spatial distribution of pine forests in the Pinega State Nature Reserve. Nature Conservation Research 2(1): 40–56. [In Russian]
Popov S.Yu. 2017. Geobotanical map of Pinega Reserve. In: Geobotanical mapping (in print) [In Russian]
Popov S.Yu., Puchnina L.V. The vegetation disturbance map of the Pinega State Reserve since the end of XVIII to the beginning of XXI centuries. Modern problems of remote sensing of the Earth from space 14(1): 147–156. [In Russian]
Puchnina L.V. 2000. The Vegetation. In: Structure and dynamics of nature components of the Pinega State Reserve. Arkhangelsk. P. 78–90. [In Russian]
Puchnina L.V. 2008. Vascular plants. In: Ecosystem components and biodiversity of karst area of the Russian European North. Arkhangelsk. P. 198–228. [In Russian]
Saburov D.N. 1972. Forests of the Pinega Region. Leningrad. 173 p. [In Russian]
Shmidt V.M. 1984. Mathematical methods in botany. Leningrad. 288 p. [In Russian]
Tsyganov D.N. 1983. Phytoindication of ecological regimes in subzone of coniferous and deciduous forests. Moscow. 198 p. [In Russian]
Vasilevich V.I. 1996. Upland birch forests in the North-West of Europen Russia. Botanichesky Zhurnal 81(11): 1–13. [In Russian]
Vasilevich V.I. 1997. Lowland birch forests in the North-West of Europen Russia. Botanichesky Zhurnal 82(11): 19–29. [In Russian]
Zaugolnova L.B., Khanin L.G., Komarov A.S., Smirnova O.V., Popadyuk R.V., Ostrovsky M.A., Zubkov E.V., Glukhov E.M., M Palenova M.M., Gubanov V.S., Grabarnik P.Y. 1995. The information-analytical system for assessing the state of successional forest communities. Pushchino. 51 p. [In Russian]