Sergey Yu. Popov, PhD, Senior Researcher, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Biological Faculty, e-mail:

Reference to article

Popov S.Yu. 2017. Structure and features of spatial distribution of pine forests in the Pinega State Nature Reserve. Nature Conservation Research 2(1): 40–56.

Section Research articles

The Pinega State Nature Reserve (Russia) is located in the Arkhangelsk region in the northern taiga subzone. Pine forests cover less than 10% of the reserve area. The vegetation of this forest is classified based on 83 phytosociological relevés. It reveals 7 associations, which represent 3 groups of associations. Detailed characteristics of these syntaxa (including analysis of their biodiversity) is provided. The revealed syntaxa well differs in species composition. Under the environmental conditions (moisture, nutrition, nitrogen availability and acidity), they are divided into two large groups. Associations as Pinetum sphagnosum and Pinetum empetroso-myrtillosum have the smallest number of species, whereas Pinetum polytrichosum and Pinetum myrtilloso-hylocomiosum are the richest in species number. Habitats occupied by associations of pine forests in the Reserve form an incomplete ecological series in relation to both trophicity and humidity. Pine forests associations were much more spread in the past and evenly throughout the Reserve. They are now confined mainly to landscapes with karst landforms.


association, group of associations, non-metric scaling, pine forests, species diversity, species richness

Artice information

Received: 11.08.2016

The full text of the article

Chertov O.G. 1974. Identification of humus types in forest soils. Guidelines. Leningrad: Nauka. 72 p. [In Russian]
Classification and diagnostic of soils of the USSR. Moscow: Kolos, 1977. 222 p. [In Russian]
Degteva S.V., Zheleznova G.V., Pystina T.N., Shubin T.P. 2001. Phytocoenotic and floristic structure of deciduous forests of the European North. St. Petersburg: Nauka. 269 p. [In Russian]
Ignatov M.S., Ignatova E.A. 2004. Flora of mosses of the Middle part of European Russia. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. 944 p. [In Russian]
Khalafyan A.A. 2010. Mathematical Statistics with elements of the theory of probability. Moscow: Binom. 491 p. [In Russian]
Kucherov I.B. 2014. True moss (Blueberry) pine forests in northern and middle taiga of European Russia: an overview of phytocoenotic diversity. Transactions of Karelian Research Centre of RAS 2: 14–26. [In Russian]
Kucherov I.B., Churakova E.Yu. 2009. Comparative characteristics of pine and larch forests of karst landscapes of middle Pinega (Arkhangelsk region). Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists. Biological series 6 (114): 24–37. [In Russian]
Kucherov I.B., Kutenkov S.A., Maksimov A.I., Maksimova T.A. 2008. Waterlogged pine forests of the reserve «Kivach» Botanicheskiy Zhurnal 9 (4): 561–584. [In Russian]
Kucherov I.B., Zverev A.A. 2012. Lichen pine forests of central and northern taiga of European Russia. Vestnik of the Tomsk State University 3 (19): 46–80. [In Russian]
Kutenkov S.A., Kuznetsov O.L. 2013. Diversity and dynamics of wetland and boggy forests of the Russian European North. In: Diversity and dynamics of forest ecosystem of Russia. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. P. 152–204. [In Russian]
Lebedeva N.V., Krivolutski D.A., Puzachenko Yu.G., Diakonov K.N., Aleshchenko G.M., Smurov A.V., Maksimov V.V., Tikunov V.S., Ogureeva G.N., Kotova T.N. 2002. Geography and monitoring of biodiversity. Moscow: Publisher of Scientific and Education-Methodical Centre. 432 p. [In Russian]
McCune B., Mefford M.J. 2006. PC-ORD. Multivariate analysis of Ecological Data, Version 5. Gleneden Beach, Oregon: MjM Software Design. 300 p. [In Russian]
Mirkin B.M., Naumova L.G. 1998. Vegetation Science (history and current status of concepts). Ufa: Gilem. 413 p. [In Russian]
Popov S.Yu. 2016a. Updated landscape map of the Pinega State Reserve. Nature Conservation Research 1 (1): 11–22. [In Russian]
Popov S.Yu. 2016b. Geobotanical map of Pinega Reserve. In: Geobotanical mapping (in press). [In Russian]
Popov S.Yu. 2016c. The vegetation of spruce forests in the Pinega State Reserve. Nature Conservation Research 1(2): 38–58. [In Russian]
Popov S.Yu., Yakovleva A.I. 2008. Vegetation of key plot of the Pinega State Reserve. In: Ecosystem components and biodiversity of karst areas of the European North of Russia. Arkhangelsk, P. 85–122. [In Russian]
Puchnina L.V. 2000. Vegetation. In: Structure and dynamics of nature components of the Pinega State Reserve. Arkhangelsk. P. 78–90. [In Russian]
Puchnina L.V. 2008. Vascular plants. In: Ecosystem components and biodiversity of karst areas of the European North of Russia. Arkhangelsk. P. 198–228. [In Russian]
Rysin L.P., Savelieva L.I. 2008. Pine forests of Russia. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. 289 p. [In Russian]
Saburov D.N. 1972. Forests of Pinega. Leningrad: Nauka. 173 p. [In Russian]
Saburov D.N. 1988. Geobotanical map of the Pinega State Reserve. Scale: 1:25000. Funds of the Pinega State Reserve. [In Russian]
Shavrina E.V., Malkov V.N. 2000. Geological structure and relief. In: Structure and dynamics of nature components of the Pinega State Reserve. Arkhangelsk. P. 15–37. [In Russian]
Shmidt V.M. 1984. Mathematical methods in botany. Leningrad: Publisher of the Leningrad University. 288 p. [In Russian]
Tsyganov D.N. 1983. Phytoindication environmental mode in the subzone of coniferous and deciduous forests. Moscow: Nauka. 198 p. [In Russian]
Zaugolnova L.B., Khanin L.G., Komarov A.S., Smirnova O.V., Popadyuk R.V., Ostrovskiy M.A., Zubkov E.V., Glukhov E.M., Palenova M.M., Gubanov V.S., Grabarnik P.Ya. 1995. The information-analytical system for assessing the successional state of forest communities. Pushchino. 51 p. [In Russian]