Petr A. Tilba, PhD, Leading Researcher of the Sochi National Park (354000, Russia, Krasnodarsky Krai, Sochi, Moskovskaya Street, 21); e-mail:
Lev M. Shagarov, PhD, Deputy Director of the Natural Ornithological Park in the Imeretinskaya Lowland (354340, Russia, Krasnodarsky Krai, Sochi, Lenina Street, 96); Docent of the Sochi State University (354000, Russia, Krasnodarsky Krai, Sochi, Sovetskaya Street, 26A); e-mail:
Victor I. Malandzia, PhD, Docent of the Abkhazian State University (Republic of Abkhazia, Sukhum, Universitetskaya Street, 1); e-mail:

Reference to article

Tilba P.A., Shagarov L.M., Malandzia V.I. 2018. Oxyura leucocephala (Anatidae: Anseriformes) on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. Nature Conservation Research 3(4): 73–77.

Section Short Communications

New information on the distribution of Oxyura leucocephala on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus is provided. The first appearance of the species in this region was recorded in 1991. At present Oxyura leucocephala is a small wintering and migratory species found on the Black Sea coast of the Krasnodarsky Krai (Russia) and Abkhazia. Single individuals or pairs of birds are usually noted, less often groups of up to ten white-headed ducks. The most significant was the wintering of Oxyura leucocephala on the lakes of the natural ornithological park in the Imeretinskaya lowland (Sochi, Russia) in 2016–2017. An assumption is being made about the formation of a new wintering area for Oxyura leucocephala occupying the northeastern coast of the Black Sea.


Abkhazia, Black Sea, Caucasus, migration, Novorossiysk, Sochi, white-headed duck, wintering

Artice information

Received: 01.04.2018

The full text of the article

Andryushchenko Yu.A., Atemasov A.A., Banik M.V., Beskaravaynyi M.M., Vergeles Yu.I., Kostin S.Yu., Kucherenko V.N., Popenko V.M., Prokopenko S.P. 2013. The white-headed duck (Oxyura leucocephala) in the Crimea. Kazarka 16: 70–84. [In Russian]
Badmaev I.B. 2013. White-headed duck. In: V.M. Muzaev (Ed.): Red Data Book of Republic of Kalmykia. Vol. 1. Animals. Elista. P. 120–121. [In Russian]
BirdLife International. 2017. Oxyura leucocephala. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T22679814A119403602. Available from: Retrieved on 15.05.2018.
Bukreev S.A., Chernobay V.F. 2011. Data on Anseriformes of the Volgograd Sarpa. Kazarka 14: 223–239. [In Russian]
Grinchenko A.B. 2011. Migration and wintering of the White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala) in the Crimea. Branta 14: 112–116. [In Russian]
Isakov Yu.A. 1952. Subfamily Anatinae. In: G.P. Dementyev, N.A. Gladkov (Eds.): Birds of the Soviet Union. Vol. 4. Moscow: Sovetskaya Nauka. P. 344–635. [In Russian]
Kazakov B.A., Lomadze N.H., Belik V.P., Khokhlov A.N., Tilba P.A., Pishvanov Ju.V., Prilutskaja L.I., Komarov Ju.E., Polivanov B.M., Emtyl M.H., Bicherev A.P., Oleynikov N.S., Zabolotny N.L., Kukish A.I., Mjagkova Ju.Ja., Tochiev T.Ju., Gizatulin I.I., Vitovich O.A., Dinkevich M.A. 2004. Birds of the North Caucasus. Vol. 1. Rostov-on-Don: RSPU. 398 p. [In Russian]
Khokhlov A.N., Il'yukh M.P. 2007. Spring-summer bird watching on the territory of Imeretinskaya Lowland. Caucasian Ornithological Herald 19: 125–137. [In Russian]
Khokhlov A.N., Il'yukh M.P. 2013. White-headed duck. In: A.A. Likhovid (Ed.): Red Data Book of Stavropolsky Krai. Stavropol: Asterisk. P. 171. [In Russian]
Kreuzberg-Mukhina E.A. 2002. Review of the current status of the Eastern populations of the white-headed duck. Kazarka 8: 277–294. [In Russian]
Malandzia V.I. 2002. Vagrant white-headed duck Oxyura leucocephala on coast of the Black Sea. Caucasian Ornithological Herald 4(2): 165. [In Russian]
Rozenfeld S.B., Popovkina A.B. 2012. The white-headed duck (Oxyura leucocephala) in Israel: the history and resent status of the wintering population. Kazarka 15(1): 99–105. [In Russian]
Shagarov L.M. 2016. Transformation of the Avifauna on Imeretinskaya Lowland after Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games. Central European Journal of Zoology 3(2): 40–50. DOI: 10.13187/cejz.2016.3.40
Solokha A., Lokhman Y. 2017. Numbers and distribution of wintering waterbirds in the Krasnodar Province, southwestern Russia. Vogelwelt 137: 156–161.
Stepanyan L.S. 2003. Synopsis of the ornithological fauna of Russia and adjacent territories. Moscow: Akademkniga. 808 p. [In Russian]
Tilba P.A. 2007. Some rare and insufficiently studied bird species in the Southeast part of Krasnodar Region. Strepet 5(1–2): 5–18. [In Russian]