Arockianathan Samson, Mammalogy and Forest Ecology Wing, Department of zoology and wildlife biology, Government Arts College (Udhagamandalam-643 002, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India); e-mail:
Balasundaram Ramakrishnan, Mammalogy and Forest Ecology Wing, Department of zoology and wildlife biology, Government Arts College (Udhagamandalam-643 002, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India)

Reference to article

Samson A., Ramakrishnan B. 2018. Population status, habitat selection and people's perception on Pavo cristatus (Aves: Phasianidae) in Sigur Plateau, the Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India. Nature Conservation Research 3(1): 80–87.

Section Research articles

The present study aimed to estimate the population status, habitat utilisation and threats to the Indian peafowl in Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu from November 2016 to March 2017. A total of 1091 individuals of peafowls were recorded in 487 sightings in 1080 km (2.28 ± 0.05) with the encounter rate of 1.01 individuals / km. In Dry Deciduous Forest a total of 570 individuals of peafowls were recorded in 224 sightings in 460 km (2.28 ± 0.05, ER = 1.01 individuals / km). In Dry Thorn Forest a total of 521 individuals of peafowls were recorded in 254 sightings in 620 km (2.05 ± 0.06) ER = 0.84 individuals / km. A total of 19 roosting trees species were identified, all recorded in thorn forest; similarly nine species were recorded in dry deciduous forest. The highest number of roosts were recorded in Tectona grandis (n = 27); the average height of the tree species was 14.46 m and the average Indian peafowl roost height was 11.25. The Indian peafowl has decreased; the reason for invading the human habitation was the loss of food (n = 60). Crop damage by peafowl shows that beans (50%) were highly damaged followed by chilly (37%), tomato (5%) and ragi (4%) and corn (1%). Drivers (n = 25) noted that under some circumstances Pavo cristatus could be killed due to its sudden appearance on the roads.


habitat, India, Indian Peafowl, Nilgiris, population, Sigur Plateau, Tamil Nadu

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Received: 12.11.2017

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