Libor Dvořák, "private researcher" (353 01, Czechia, Mariánské Lázně, Tři Sekery 21); e-mail:
Kateřina Dvořáková, "private researcher" (353 01, Czechia, Mariánské Lázně, Tři Sekery 21); e-mail:
Jozef Oboňa, PhD, Assistant Professor of the Department of Ecology in the University of Prešov (081 16, Slovakia, Prešov, 17, novembra 1 Street); e-mail:
Alexander B. Ruchin, Dr. Sc., Associate Professor, Director of the Joint Directorate of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve and National Park «Smolny» (430005, Russia, Republic of Mordovia, Saransk, Krasnaya Street, 30); e-mail:

Reference to article

Dvořák L., Dvořáková K., Oboňa J., Ruchin A.B. 2020. Selected Diptera families caught with beer traps in the Republic of Mordovia (Russia). Nature Conservation Research 5(4): 65–77.

Section Research articles

We have studied the fauna of several Diptera families caught with beer traps. In this paper, 36 species from 12 Diptera families are reported: four species of Anisopodidae, one species of Bibionidae, one species of Clusiidae, two species of Dryomyzidae, 11 species of Lauxaniidae, five species of Limoniidae, one species of Megamerinidae, three species of Pallopteridae, one species of Piophilidae, one species of Platystomatidae, four species of Sciomyzidae, and two species of Ulidiidae. From these species, three are new for Russia (Calliopum splendidum, Homoneura biumbrata, Sapromyza schnabli, all Lauxaniidae), two new for European Russia (Sylvicola fuscatoides (Anisopodidae), Myennis sibirica (Ulidiidae)). For the Republic of Mordovia and the Mordovia State Nature Reserve, the families Anisopodidae, Clusiidae, Megamerinidae, Pallopteridae, Piophilidae, Platystomatidae, Ulidiidae, and all Lauxaniidae species published in this list are recorded for the first time. Two species from the family Limoniidae (Achyrolimonia neonebulosa and Discobola parvispinula) and three species from the family Sciomyzidae (Euthycera chaerophylli, Tetanocera ferruginea and T. freyi) are recorded for the first time for the territory of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve. Beer traps can be recommended as one of the successful methods for future surveys of Diptera in the area of interest.


Anisopodidae, bait traps, Bibionidae, biodiversity, Clusiidae, Dryomyzidae, faunistic survey, Limoniidae, Mordovia State Nature Reserve, new records

Artice information

Received: 08.06.2020. Revised: 07.09.2020. Accepted: 08.09.2020.

The full text of the article

Amano T., Lamming J.D.L., Sutherland W.J. 2016. Spatial Gaps in Global Biodiversity Information and the Role of Citizen Science. Bioscience 66(5): 393–400. DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biw022
Andersson H. 1967. Notes on Swedish Diptera. Opuscula entomologica 32: 121–122.
Astakhov D.M., Ruchin A.B., Romadina O.D., Pristrem I.M. 2019. To robber flies fauna (Diptera: Asilidae) of Mordovia, Russia. Biodiversitas 20(4): 994–1005. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d200409
Baz A., Cifrián B., Díazäranda L.M., Martín-Vega D. 2007. The distribution of adult blow-flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) along an altitudinal gradient in Central Spain. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 43(3): 289–296. DOI: 10.1080/00379271.2007.10697524
Beuk P.L.T. 2002. Family Anisopodidae. In: P.L.T. Beuk (Ed.): Checklist of the Diptera of the Netherlands. Utrecht: KNNV Uitgeverij. P. 90.
Bukowski W. 1940. List of the dipteran insects collected in the Crimean Nature Reserve. Proceedings of the Crimean Nature Reserve 2: 189–216. [In Russian]
Castro C.P., Sousa J.P., Arnaldos M.I., Gaspar J., García M.D. 2011. Blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) activity in sun exposed and shaded carrion in Portugal. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 47(1–2): 128–139. DOI: 10.1080/00379271.2011.10697704
Cavallari M.L., Baltazar F.N., Carvalho E.C., Muñoz D.R., Tolezano J.E. 2014. A Modified Shannon Trap for Use in Forensic Entomology. Advances in Entomology 2(2): 69–75. DOI: 10.4236/ae.2014.22012
Chursina M.A., Ruchin A.B. 2018a. A checklist of Bombyliidae (Diptera) from Mordovia, Russia and variation of wing shape in Bombylius species. Biodiversitas 19(6): 2147–2156. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d190622
Chursina M.A., Ruchin A.B. 2018b. A checklist of Syrphidae (Diptera) from Mordovia, Russia. Halteres 9: 57–73. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1255874
Courtney G.W., Pape T., Skevington J.H., Sinclair B.J. 2009. Biodiversity of Diptera. In: R.G. Foottit, P.H. Adler (Eds.): Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. P. 185–222. DOI: 10.1002/9781444308211.ch9
Demichelis S., Manino A., Minuto G., Mariotti M., Porporato M. 2014. Social wasp trapping in North West Italy: comparison of different bait-traps and first detection of Vespa velutina. Bulletin of Insectology 67(2): 307–317.
Disney R.H.L., Erzinclioglu Y.Z., Henshaw D.J., Howse D., Unwin D.M., Withers P., Woods A. 1982. Collecting methods and the adequacy of attempted fauna surveys with reference to the Diptera. Field Studies 5: 607–621.
Duelli P., Moretti M., Tonolla D., Barbalat S. 2006. Scented traps yield two large lacewing species (Neuroptera, Chrysopidae) new to Switzerland. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique Suisse 79: 25–28. DOI: 10.5169/seals-402909
Dvořák L. 2007. Social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) trapped with beer in European forest ecosystems. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae Biologicae 98: 181–204.
Dvořák L. 2012. The first record of Toxoneura basimaculata (Diptera: Pallopteridae) from Slovakia. Klapalekiana 48: 224.
Dvořák L. 2014. Window gnats (Diptera: Anisopodidae) from beer traps in various countries across Europe. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 87: 247–254.
Dvořák L., Haenni J.P., Máca J., Mariychuk R., Oboňa J. 2017. Some insects (Dermaptera, Diptera, Mecoptera) from beer traps in Uzhhorod City (Ukraine). Folia Oecologica 9(2): 11–17.
Dvořák L., Kolcsár L.P., Georgiev D., Mariychuk R. 2019. New and interesting records of window-gnats (Anisopodidae: Diptera) from Europe. Klapalekiana 55(3–4): 187–192.
Dvořáková K. 2008. Heleomyzidae and Lauxaniidae (Diptera, Brachycera, Acalyptrata) trapped in the Czech Republic with syrup and fermented fruit. Linzer Biologische Beiträge 40(1): 507–515.
Egorov L.V., Ivanov A.V. 2018. Beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera), collected by fermenting bait crown traps in Chuvashia. Proceedings of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve 21: 191–204. [In Russian]
El-Sayed A.M., Heppelthwaite V.J., Manning L.M., Gibb A.R., Suckling D.M. 2005. Volatile constituents of fermented sugar baits and their attraction to lepidopteran species. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53(4): 953–958. DOI: 10.1021/jf048521j
Feoktistov V.F. 2011. List of insect groups, for the first time recorded in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve and its neighbouring areas. Mordovia University Bulletin 4: 83–89. [In Russian]
Gladun V.V. 2019. The first record of Hermetia illucens (Diptera, Stratiomyidae) from Russia. Nature Conservation Research 4(4): 111–113. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2019.063
Grichanov I.Ya., Khruleva O.A. 2018. Fauna and ecology of Dolichopodidae (Diptera) from Wrangel Island Nature Reserve (Chukotka, Russia). Nature Conservation Research 3(3): 37–45. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2018.023
Guarnieri F.G. 2009. A survey of longhorned beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) from Paw Paw, Morgan County, West Virginia. Maryland Entomologist 5(1): 11–22.
Haarto A. 2011. Suomen ikkunasääsket – Finnish window gnats (Diptera, Anisopodidae). W-album 10: 3–13.
Haenni J.P. 2006. Faunistic and taxonomic notes on European Anisopodidae (Diptera). Studia Dipterologica 13(1): 27–28, 43–44.
Han H.Y. 2013. A checklist of the Families Lonchaeidae, Pallopteridae, Platystomatidae, and Ulidiidae (Insecta: Diptera: Tephritoidea) in Korea with notes on 12 species new to Korea. Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity 29(1): 56–69. DOI: 10.5635/ASED.2013.29.1.56
Hendel F. 1913. Die Gattung Platystoma Meigen (Dipt.). Eine monographische Ubersicht uber die Arten. Zoologische Jahrbucher. Abteilung fur Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 35(1): 55–126.
Hennig W. 1945. Platystomidae. In: E. Lidner (Ed.): Die Fliegen der palaearktischen Region. Vol. 5(1). Stuttgart: Schweizerbart. P. 1–56.
Jakubíková L., Kadlec T. 2015. Butterfly bait traps versus zigzag walks: What is the better way to monitor common and threatened butterflies in non-tropical regions? Journal of Insect Conservation 19(5): 911–919. DOI: 10.1007/s10841-015-9809-y
Kameneva E.P., Korneyev V.A. 2006. Myennidini, a new tribe of the subfamily Otitinae (Diptera: Ulidiidae), with discussion of the suprageneric classification of the family. Israel Journal of Entomology 35–36(2005/6): 497–586.
Kameneva E.P., Korneyev V.A., Prokhorov A.V. 2013. The first record of Myennis sibirica Portschinsky (Diptera: Ulidiidae) from Europe. Ukrainska Entomofaunistyka 4(2): 20.
Khapugin A.A., Ruchin A.B. 2019. Red Data Book vascular plants in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve, a Protected Area in European Russia. Wulfenia 26: 53–71.
Krivosheina N.P. 1989. 31. Family Bibionidae. In: G.Y. Bei-Bienko, G.C. Steyskal (Eds.): Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Vol. 5: Diptera and Siphonaptera, Part 1. Leiden: Brill. P. 667–680.
Krivosheina N.P., Krivosheina M.G. 1997. Revising palaearctic species of the genus Myennis (Diptera, Otitidae). Zoologicheskii Zhurnal 76(5): 628–632.
Krivosheina N.P., Krivosheina M.G. 2019. Saproxylic Diptera (Insecta) of the Lazovsky State Nature Reserve (Russia). Nature Conservation Research 4(3): 78–92. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2019.052
Krivosheina N.P., Menzel F. 1998. The Palaearctic species of the genus Sylvicola Harris, 1776 (Diptera, Anisopodidae). Beiträge zur Entomologie 48: 201–217.
Kurina O. 2006. A review of Estonian wood gnats (Diptera: Anisopodidae). Sahlbergia 11: 18–22.
Lyubvina I.V. 2016. To the fauna of Diptera, Brachycera of the Penza region. In: N.A. Leonova (Ed.): Modern concepts of biosystem ecology of and their role in solving problems in nature conservation and management. Penza. P. 124–126. [In Russian]
Makarkin V.N., Ruchin A.B. 2019. New data on Neuroptera and Raphidioptera of Mordovia (Russia). Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 15(1): 147–157. DOI: 10.23885/181433262019151-147157 [In Russian]
Manko P., Demková L., Kohútová M., Oboňa J. 2019. Efficiency of traps in collecting selected Diptera families according to the used bait: comparison of baits and mixtures in a field experiment. European Journal of Ecology 4(2): 92–99. DOI: 10.2478/eje-2018-0016
Martín-Park A., Delfín-González H., Sosenski P., Reyes-Novelo E., Meléndez-Ramírez V., Navarrete-Carballo J., Ibáñez-Bernal S., Dzul-Manzanilla F., González-Moreno A., Manrique-Saide P. 2018. Diversity of Tabanidae, Asilidae and Syrphidae (Diptera) in natural protected areas of Yucatan, Mexico. Journal of Insect Conservation 22(1): 85–97. DOI: 10.1007/s10841-017-0040-x
Martín-Vega D., Baz A. 2013. Comparative larval morphology of the European bone-skippers, Thyreophora cynophila (Panzer, 1798) and Centrophlebomyia furcata (Fabricius, 1794) (Diptera: Piophilidae), with notes on their coexistence and natural history. Journal of Natural History 48(5–6): 285–299. DOI: 10.1080/00222933.2013.791938
Mathis W.N., Sueyoshi M. 2011. World Catalog and Conspectus on the Family Dryomyzidae (Diptera: Schizophora). MYIA 12: 207–233.
Matthews R.W., Matthews J.R. 1970. Malaise trap studies of flying insects in a New York mesic forest I. Ordinal composition and seasonal abundance. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 78(1): 52–59.
MacRae T.C., Rice M.E. 2007. Biological and Distributional Observations on North American Cerambycidae (Coleoptera). The Coleopterists Bulletin 61(2): 227–263. DOI: 10.1649/0010-065X(2007)61[227:BADOON]2.0.CO;2
Merz B. 2013. Fauna Europaea: Pallopteridae. In: P. Beuk, T. Pape (Eds.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera Brachycera. Fauna Europaea version 2017.06. Available from
Michelsen V. 1999. Wood gnats of the genus Sylvicola (Diptera, Anisopodidae): taxonomic status, Family assignment, and review of nominal species described by J. C. Fabricius. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 142: 69–75.
Misiachna A.V., Korneyev V.A. 2015. The first records of the skipper flies (Diptera, Piophilidae) from Ukraine. Vestnik Zoologii 49(2): 113–118. DOI: 10.1515/vzoo-2015-0012
Mutin V.A. 2020. New data on hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Russian Far East. Far Eastern Entomologist 403: 20–24. DOI: 10.25221/fee.403.3
Nartshuk E.P. 1984. Family Megamerinidae. In: A. Soos, L. Papp (Eds.): Catalogue of palaearctic Diptera. Vol. 9. Budapest: Akademia Kiado. P. 25–26.
Nourti M., Grichanov I.Ya., Kettani K. 2019. A new species of Teuchophorus (Dolichopodidae, Diptera) from Morocco. Nature Conservation Research 4(4): 106–110. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2019.064
Oboňa J., Dvořák L., Haenni J.P., Manko P., Hrivniak L., Papyan L. 2017. New records of Diptera families Anisopodidae, Bibionidae, Dixidae, Ptychopteridae and Scatopsidae from Armenia. Spixiana 40(1): 61–67.
Oosterbroek P. 2020. Catalogue of the Craneflies of the world (Diptera, Tipuloidea, Pediciidae, Limoniidae, Cylindrotomidae, Tipulidae). Available from
Ozerov A.L. 1987. Dipterans of the family Dryomyzidae in the fauna of the USSR. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists 92(4): 36–42. [In Russian]
Ozerov A.L. 1999. 75. Fam. Piophilidae. In: P.A. Lehr (Ed.): Keys to insects of Russian Far East. Vol. 6. Part 1: Diptera and Siphonaptera. Vladivostok: Dalnauka. P. 534–537.
Ozerov A.L. 2009. Review of the Family Pallopteridae (Diptera) of the Fauna of Russia. Russian Entomological Journal 18(2): 129–146. [In Russian]
Ozerov A.L. 2013. Fauna Europaea: Piophilidae. In: T. Pape, P. Beuk (Eds.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera: Brachycera. Fauna Europaea version 2017.06. Available from
Pilipenko V., Ruchin A.B., Semishin G.B. 2020. Cranefly fauna (Diptera: Limoniidae, Pediciidae, Tipulidae) of the Republic of Mordovia, Russia. Biodiversitas 21(1): 355–369. DOI: 10.13057/biodiv/d210143
Plavilshchikov N.N. 1964. List of insect species found in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve. Proceedings of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve 2: 105–134. [In Russian]
Rikhter V.A. 1989. 59. Family Platystomatidae. In: G.Y. Bei-Bienko, G.C. Steyskal (Eds.): Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Vol. 5: Diptera and Siphonaptera, Part 2. Leiden: Brill. P. 194–196.
Roháček J., Merz B. 2013. Fauna Europaea: Clusiidae. In: T. Pape, P. Beuk (Eds.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera Brachycera. Fauna Europaea version 2017.06. Available from
Rosenberg G.S. 2007. Cadastre of invertebrates of Samaskaya Luka. Samara: Ofort. 471 p. [In Russian]
Rozkošný R. 1987. A review of the Palaearctic Sciomyzidae (Diptera). Facultatis scientarum Naturalium Universitatis Purkynianae Brunensis, Biologia 86: 1–97.
Rozkošný R. 2013. Fauna Europaea: Sciomyzidae. In: T. Pape, P. Beuk (Eds.): Fauna Europaea: Diptera Brachycera. Fauna Europaea version 2017.06. Available from
Ruchin A.B., Egorov L.V. 2017. Overview of insect species included in the Red Data Book of Russian Federation in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve. Nature Conservation Research 2(Suppl. 1): 2–9. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2017.016 [In Russian]
Ruchin A.B., Egorov L.V. 2018. Fauna of longicorn beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of Mordovia. Russian Entomological Journal 27(2): 161–177. DOI: 10.15298/rusentj.27.2.07
Ruchin A.B., Egorov L.V., Khapugin A.A., Vikhrev N.E., Esin M.N. 2020a. The use of simple crown traps for the insects collection. Nature Conservation Research 5(1): 87–108. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2020.008
Ruchin A.B., Carr J.F., Dvořák L., Esin M.N., Khapugin A.A. 2020b. Pseudotephritis millepunctata (Hennig, 1939) (Diptera Ulidiidae) – new species in European fauna. Redia 103: 25–27. DOI: 10.19263/REDIA-103.20.05
Shatalkin A.I. 2000. Opredeliteľ palearkticheskych much semejstva Lauxaniidae (Diptera). Zoologicheskie Issledovania 5: 1–102. [In Russian]
Shtakeberg A.A. 1989a. 54. Family Megamerinidae. In: G.Y. Bei-Bienko, G.C. Steyskal (Eds.): Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Vol. 5: Diptera and Siphonaptera, Part 2. Leiden: Brill. P. 180–182.
Shtakeberg A.A. 1989b. 71. Family Piophilidae. In: G.Y. Bei-Bienko, G.C. Steyskal (Eds.): Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Vol. 5: Diptera and Siphonaptera, Part 2. Leiden: Brill. P. 347–350.
Shtakeberg A.A. 1989c. 78. Family Clusiidae. In: G.Y. Bei-Bienko, G.C. Steyskal (Eds.): Keys to the Insects of the European Part of the USSR. Vol. 5: Diptera and Siphonaptera, Part 2. Leiden: Brill. P. 505–508.
Söli G., Rindal E. 2014. The genus Sylvicola Harris, 1780 (Diptera, Anisopodidae) in Norway – with a key to the North European species. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 61: 190–200.
Soós A. 1984a. Family Platystomatidae. In: A. Soos, L. Papp (Eds.): Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. Vol. 9. Budapest: Akademia Kiado. P. 38–48.
Soós A. 1984b. Family Dryomyzidae. In: A. Soos, L. Papp (Eds.): Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera. Vol. 9. Budapest: Akademia Kiado. P. 152–154.
Sorvari J. 2019. Yellow does not improve the efficiency of traps for capturing wasps of the genera Vespula and Dolichovespula (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). European Journal of Entomology 116: 240–243. DOI: 10.14411/eje.2019.027
Ševčík J. 2011. Anisopodidae and Dixidae (Diptera) of the Gemer region, with a new record for Slovakia. Časopis Slezského Zemského Muzea (Série A) 60(2): 181–184.
Uehara-Prado M., Freitas A.V.L. 2009. The effect of rainforest fragmentation on species diversity and mimicry ring composition of ithomiine butterflies. Insect Conservation and Diversity 2(1): 23–28. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-4598.2008.00025.x
Vikhrev N.E., Erofeeva E.A., Ruchin A.B. 2020. Taxonomic and faunistic notes on Phaonia cincta Zetterstedt, 1846 (Diptera, Muscidae). Amurian Zoological Journal 12(1): 4–7. DOI: 10.33910/2686-9519-2020-12-1-4-7
Yaran M. 2019. A new Diptera family (Pallopteridae Loew, 1862) for the fauna of Turkey with four new records. Turkish Journal of Entomology 43(4): 451–457. DOI: 10.16970/entoted.555424
Wong J.C.H., Hanks L.M. 2016. Influence of fermenting bait and vertical position of traps on attraction of cerambycid beetles to pheromone lures. Journal of Economic Entomology 109(5): 2145–2150. DOI: 10.1093/jee/tow197