Article

Article name BIODIVERSITY REVISION OF A LARGE ARCTIC REGION AS A BASIS FOR ITS MONITORING AND PROTECTION UNDER CONDITIONS OF ACTIVE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (NENETSKY AUTONOMOUS OKRUG, RUSSIA)
Authors

Viatcheslav V. Rozhnov, Dr.Sci., Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Principal Researcher, Director of the A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS (Leninsky prospect, 33, Moscow, Russia 119071); e-mail: rozhnov.v@gmail.com
Igor A. Lavrinenko, Ph.D., Head of Laboratory of the V.L. Komarov Botanical Institute of RAS (Professor Popov Str., 2, St.-Petersburg, Russia 197376); e-mail: lavrinenkoi@mail.ru
Vladimir Yu. Razzhivin, Ph.D., Head of Laboratory of the V.L. Komarov Botanical Institute of RAS (Professor Popov Str., 2, St.-Petersburg, Russia 197376); e-mail: volodyar@binran.ru
Olga L. Makarova, Ph.D., Head of Laboratory of the A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS (Leninsky prospect, 33, Moscow, Russia 119071); e-mail: ol_makarova@mail.ru
Olga V. Lavrinenko, Ph.D., Senior Researcher of the V.L. Komarov Botanical Institute of RAS (Professor Popov Str., 2, St.-Petersburg, Russia 197376); e-mail: lavrino@mail.ru
Vladimir V. Anufriev, Ph.D., Leading Researcher of the Academician N.P. Laverov Federal Center for Integrated Arctic Research of RAS (Naberezhnaya Severnoj Dviny, 23, Arkhangelsk, Russia 163000); e-mail: vvanufriev@yandex.ru
Anatoly B. Babenko, Dr.Sci., Leading Researcher of the A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS (Leninsky prospect, 33, Moscow, Russia 119071); e-mail: lsdc@mail.ru
Mikhail S. Bizin, Junior Researcher of the A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS (Leninsky prospect, 33, Moscow, Russia 119071); e-mail: microtus@list.ru
Petr M. Glazov, Researcher of the Institute of Geography RAS (Staromonetnyj per., 29, Moscow, Russia 119017); e-mail: glazpech@igras.ru
Sergey V. Goryachkin, Dr.Sci., Head of Laboratory of the Institute of Geography RAS (Staromonetnyj per., 29, Moscow, Russia 119017); e-mail: sergey.gory@gmail.com
Alla A. Kolesnikova, Ph.D., Senior Researcher of the Institute of Biology of Komi SC of Ural Branch of RAS (Kommunisticheskaya Str., 28, Syktyvkar, Russia 167982); e-mail: kolesnikova@ib.komisc.ru
Nadezhda V. Matveyeva, Dr.Sci., Leading Researcher of the V.L. Komarov Botanical Institute of RAS (Professor Popov Str., 2, St.-Petersburg, Russia 197376); e-mail: nadya_mat@mail.ru
Sergey V. Pestov, Ph.D., Researcher of the Institute of Biology of Komi SC of Ural Branch of RAS (Kommunisticheskaya Str., 28, Syktyvkar, Russia 167982); e-mail: pestov@ib.komisc.ru
Vladislav V. Petrovskii, Ph.D., Senior Researcher of the Komarov Botanical Institute of RAS (Professor Popov, 2, St.-Petersburg, Russia 197376); e-mail: petrovsky@binran.ru
Olga B. Pokrovskaya, Junior Researcher of the Arctic Research Station of Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch of RAS (Zelenaya Gorka Str., 21, Labytnangi, Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District, Russia 629400); e-mail: olga.b.pokrovskaya@gmail.com
Andrei V. Tanasevich, Ph.D., Senior Researcher of the A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS (Leninsky prospect, 33, Moscow, Russia 119071); e-mail: tanasevitch@gmail.com
Andrei G. Tatarinov, Ph.D., Leading Researcher of the Institute of Biology of Komi SC of Ural Branch of RAS (Kommunisticheskaya Str., 28, Syktyvkar, Russia 167982); e-mail: andrei_tatarinov@mail.ru

Reference to article

Rozhnov V.V., Lavrinenko I.A., Razzhivin V.Yu., Makarova O.L., Lavrinenko O.V., Anufriev V.V., Babenko A.B., Bizin M.S., Glazov P.M., Goryachkin S.V., Kolesnikova A.A., Matveyeva N.V., Pestov S.V., Petrovskii V.V., Pokrovskaya O.B., Tanasevich A.V., Tatarinov A.G. 2019. Biodiversity revision of a large arctic region as a basis for its monitoring and protection under conditions of active economic development (Nenetsky Autonomous Okrug, Russia). Nature Conservation Research 4(2): 1–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2019.015

Section Review articles
DOI https://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2019.015
Abstract

In the scope of implementing a UNDP / GEF / Ministry of Nature project, a database and a GIS to consider the biodiversity of the Nenetsky Autonomous Okrug were developed. They include information on 2035 animal and 1640 plant species, belonging to 15 model groups. Data were obtained using publications and unpublished sources, the results of studying collections / herbaria of four institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences, and data of fieldwork (2015) conducted in three coastal areas of Bolshezemelskaya Tundra. The taxonomic richness of the Nenetsky Autonomous Okrug biota is not lower (even higher in some animal groups) than in other large Arctic regions (e.g. Taymyr and Greenland). Some new vegetation syntaxa have been described. And some phytogeographic boundaries have been established. Several animal taxa have been described for the first time for science. Some of species were neither previously recorded in the Nenetsky Autonomous Okrug nor formerly known from Europe («Siberian» species), nor from Russia. Concerning types of ranges, the proportion of species having predominantly Siberian / East Palaearctic / Siberian-Nearctic ranges varied in different model groups from 0% to 30%. The fraction of arctic (in a wide sense) species ranged from 0% to 29%. We considered the status of the natural environment of the Nenetsky Autonomous Okrug to be satisfactory so far as its destruction is particularly local. We strongly confirm the need to create new Protected Areas. The material obtained during the project processing has been applied to the organisation of sanctuaries in the Khaipudyrskaya Bay and Pakhancheskaya Bay, Barents Sea.

Keywords

biological value, fauna, flora, geobotanical subdivision, local flora, map, marshes, Protected Area, technogenic pressure

Artice information

Received: 18.03.2018. Revised: 26.01.2019. Accepted: 14.02.2019.

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