Статья

Название статьи ЧУЖЕРОДНЫЕ ВИДЫ В ЛОКАЛЬНЫХ ФЛОРАХ ПРИРОДНО-ЗАПОВЕДНОГО ФОНДА ВОРОНЕЖСКОЙ ОБЛАСТИ (РОССИЯ)
Авторы

Стародубцева Елена Анатольевна, к.б.н., зам. директора по научной работе, Воронежский государственный природный биосферный заповедник имени В.М. Пескова (394080, Воронеж, ул. Генерала Лохматикова, 47); e-mail: starodbtsv@gmail.com
Григорьевская Анна Яковлевна, д.г.н., проф., Воронежский государственный университет, факультет географии, геоэкологии и туризма (394068, Воронеж, ул. Хользунова, д. 40 «Д», кв. 238); e-mail: grigaya@mail.ru
Лепешкина Лилия Александровна, к.г.н., научный сотрудник Ботанического сада Воронежского государственного университета (394043, Воронеж, ул. Келлера, д. 17); e-mail: lilez1980@mail.ru
Лисова Ольга Сергеевна, к.г.н., старший преподаватель, Воронежский государственный лесотехнический университет имени Г.Ф. Морозова (394043, Воронеж, ул. МОПРа, 12а, кв. 75); e-mail: ospopova@yandex.ru

Библиографическое описание статьи

Starodubtseva E.A., Grigoryevskaya A.Ya., Lepeshkina L.A., Lisova O.S. 2017. Alien species in local floras of the Voronezh Region Nature Reserve Fund (Russia) // Nature Conservation Research. Vol. 2(4). P. 53–77. http://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2017.041

Рубрика Оригинальные статьи
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2017.041
Аннотация

Были изучены чужеродные фракции локальных флор природно-заповедного фонда Воронежской области, расположенной на границе лесостепной и степной зон. Были выбраны 16 модельных особо охраняемых природных территорий (ООПТ), имеющих различный природоохранный статус и различные размеры территорий. В статье предпринята попытка оценить: а) степень биологического загрязнения флор ООПТ, охраняющих лесостепные и степные экосистемы; б) особенности адвентивных фракций флор ООПТ различных категорий. Дана характеристика ООПТ в отношении возможностей и условий для инвазии чужеродных видов сосудистых растений. Адвентивная фракция флор ООПТ включает 262 таксона: 255 видов, 5 гибридов, 1 подвид, 1 разновидность, относящихся к 178 родам и 66 семействам. Для типологического анализа чужеродные виды были разделены на группы по времени заноса, способу заноса и степени натурализации. Доля чужеродных видов в составе локальных флор ООПТ в среднем составляет 11.1% (от 4.4% до 16.8%). Если учитывать только стабильные элементы флоры (без эфемерофитов и колонофитов), степень загрязнения локальных флор ООПТ в среднем составляет 6.1% (от 3.5% до 8.9%). Наибольшее число адвентивных видов отмечено во флорах государственных заповедников и государственных заказников, региональные ООПТ характеризуются меньшей долей чужеродных растений. Анализ способов заноса чужеродных видов показал, что большой вклад в пополнение чужеродной флоры на ООПТ вносит деятельность человека по интродукции растений: 31.7% адвентов – это «беглецы из культуры», 15% чужеродных видов были целенаправленно посажены на этих ООПТ. Во флорах ООПТ отмечено 19 видов-трансформеров, из них 11 являются ксенофитами, 8 видов – эргазиофитами. В результате проведенного исследования сделан вывод о необходимости проведения практических работ по управлению процессом инвазии адвентивных растений на территориях государственных заповедников.

Ключевые слова

инвазии, особо охраняемые природные территории, природно-заповедный фонд, чужеродная флора, чужеродные виды растений

Информация о статье

Поступила в редакцию: 06.07.2017

Полный текст статьи
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