Статья

Название статьи РУССКАЯ ВЫХУХОЛЬ (DESMANA MOSCHATA: TALPIDAE) НА ГРАНИ ИСЧЕЗНОВЕНИЯ
Авторы

Рутовская Марина Владимировна, доцент, д.б.н., с.н.с. Института проблем экологии и эволюции им. А.Н. Северцова РАН; Россия, 123181, Москва, ул. марш. Катукова, 21-1-117; e-mail: desmana@yandex.ru
Онуфреня Марья Васильевна, с.н.с. Окского государственного природного биосферного заповедника; Россия, 391072, Рязанская область. Спасский район, п/о Лакаш, Брыкин Бор; e-mail: mvonufrenya@bk.ru
Онуфреня Александр Сергеевич, заместитель директора Окского государственного природного биосферного заповедника; Россия, 391072, Рязанская область. Спасский район, п/о Лакаш, Брыкин Бор; e-mail: mvonufrenya@bk.ru

Библиографическое описание статьи

Rutovskaya M.V., Onufrenya M.V., Onufrenya A.S. 2017. Russian desman (Desmana moschata: Talpidae) at the edge of disappearance // Nature Conservation Research. Vol. 2(Suppl. 1). P. 100–112. http://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2017.020

Рубрика Оригинальные статьи
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2017.020
Аннотация

Популяция русской выхухоли на всей территории ее исторического ареала составляет в настоящее время не более 8000–10000 особей. Оценка численности популяции русской выхухоли основана на прямых учетах в течение 2010–2016 гг. Было обследовано более 266 км береговой линии в 8 областях исторического ареала выхухоли. Начиная с начала XX в. численность вида неуклонно сокращается. Кроме уже описанных ранее факторов, определяющих сокращение численности вида, таких как мелиорация, строительство гидростанций и расцвета браконьерства в конце прошлого века, на состояние популяций русской выхухоли неблагоприятно сказывается изменение климата, выражающегося в периодических засухах и отсутствие паводков. Заповедные территории в настоящий момент остаются единственной пассивной мерой по сохранению русской выхухоли в условиях отсутствия программы по сохранению вида и государственной поддержки.

Ключевые слова

животные из Красной книги, заповедное дело, русская выхухоль

Информация о статье

Поступила в редакцию: 30.03.2017

Полный текст статьи
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