Article

Article name CURRENT STATUS OF PROCAPRA GUTTUROSA (BOVIDAE) IN RUSSIA
Authors

Vadim E. Kirilyuk, PhD, Director of the Daursky State Nature Biosphere Reserve; Russia, 674480, Trans-Baikal Krai, Onon district, Nizhniy Tsasuchey, Komsomolskaya Street, 76; e-mail: vkiriliuk@bk.ru
Anna A. Lushchekina, PhD, Leading Researcher of the A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS; Russia, 119071, Moscow, Leninskiy Av., 33.

Reference to article

Kirilyuk V.E., Lushchekina A.A. 2017. Current status of Procapra gutturosa (Bovidae) in Russia. Nature Conservation Research 2(Suppl. 1): 81–99. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2017.018

Section Resarch articles
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2017.018
Abstract

The Dzeren, or Mongolian Gazelle (Procapra gutturosa: Bovidae), is included in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation. In this paper we present its current status in Russia, the legitimacy of attributing it to the IUCN Red List. We describe the restoration process of this species after its complete disappearance in the 1970s. The material is presented in the form of the main sections of the detailed article in the Red Data Book. It contains mainly original data on abundance dynamics, distribution, biotopical confinement, features of biology, limiting factors, accepted and proposed protection measures. A significant part of the information and proposals on protection measures for the Dzeren was included in the project «Strategy on conservation of the Mongolian gazelle in the Russian Federation». The Mongolian Gazelle has successfully established itself in Russia. In 2016, the extent of occurrence of local sedentary Procapra gutturosa groups was 5400 km2 with the population abundance of 8000 individuals. In addition, from several to 45,000-70,000 individuals annually migrate for wintering from Mongolia. According to the IUCN Categories and Criteria, the conservation status of the Mongolian Gazelle in the Russian part of its range corresponds to the category 1 (endangered species) of the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation.

Keywords

abundance, IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Procapra gutturosa, programme and strategy for species' conservation, Red Data Book, State Nature Biosphere Reserve «Daursky», wildlife sanctuary «Dzerens' valley»

Artice information

Received: 09.04.2017

The full text of the article
References

Bannikov A.G. 1954. Mammals of the Mongolian People's Republic. Moscow: Publisher of USSR Academy of Sciences. 669 p. [In Russian]
Barri F.R. 2016. Reintroducing Guanaco in the Upper Belt of Central Argentina: Using Population Viability Analysis to Evaluate Extinction Risk and Management Priorities. PLoS ONE 11(10): e0164806. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0164806
Buyandelger U., Dash Ya., Shanyavsky A. 1977. The counting of Dzeren in Mongolia. Hunting and Hunting economy 12: 43–46. [In Russian]
Devictor V., Julliard R, Couvet D., Jiguet F. 2008. Birds are tracking climate warming, but not fast enough. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 275: 2743–2748. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2008.0878
Eshelkin I.I. 1973. Distribution of Dzeren in the Mountainous Altai. In: Rare animal species of USSR and their protection. Moscow: Nauka. P. 118–119. [In Russian]
Ito T.Y., Miura N., Lhagvasuren B., Enkhbileg D., Takatsuki S., Tsunekawa A., Jiang Z. 2005. Preliminary evidence of a barrier effect of a railroad on the migration of Mongolian gazelles. Conservation Biology 19: 945–948. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.004364.x
IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group. 2016. Procapra gutturosa. In: The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T18232A50193126. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T18232A50193126.en. Downloaded on 10 April, 2017.
Kirilyuk V.E. 1999. On the epizootic of the Mongolian Gazelle (Procapra gutturosa) in Northeast Mongolia. In: 6th Congress of the Theriological Society (Moscow, 13–16 April, 1999). Moscow. P. 118. [In Russian]
Kirilyuk V.E. 2001. Current migrations of Mongolian Gazelle (Procapra gutturosa) in Trans-Baikal Region. Fauna and ecology of mammals in Trans-Baikal Region. Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of RAS 288: 136–153. [In Russian]
Kirilyuk V.E. 2003. Restoration of Dzeren in Russia – first successes. Terrestrial vertebrates of Dauria. Proceedings of the Daurian Reserve 3: 76–102. [In Russian]
Kirilyuk V.E. 2007. The first results and prospects for the restoration of the Mongolian gazelle (Procapra gutturosa) in Russia. Chita: Express-Publishing House. 36 p. [In Russian]
Kirilyuk V.E., Cherepitsyn A.A. 1998. Mongolian Gazelle in South-West of the Trans-Baikal Region. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists 103(1): 21–25. [In Russian]
Kirilyuk V.E., Obyazov V.A., Tkachuk T.E., Kirilyuk O.K. 2012. Influence of Climate Change on Vegetation and Wildlife in the Daurian Eco-region. In: Eurasian Steppes. Ecological Problems and Livelihoods in a Changing World. New York; London: Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg. Р. 397–424.
Kucheruk V.V. 1959. Steppe faunal complex of mammals and its place in the Palearctic fauna. In: Geography of terrestrial animals population and methods of its research. Moscow: Publisher of USSR Academy of Sciences. P. 45–87. [In Russian]
Kuznetsova M.V. 2002. Reconstruction of the phylogenetic relationships in the family bovids (Bovidae; Artiodactyla) on the basis of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. PhD thesis. Moscow. 134 p. [In Russian]
Kuznetsova M.V., Kholodova M.V. 2003. Revision of phylogenetic relationships in the antilopinae subfamily on the basis of the mitochondrial rRNA and beta-spectrin nuclear gene sequences. Doklady Biological Sciences 391: 333–336.
Lei R., Jiang Z., Hu Z., Yang W. 2003. Phylogenetic relationships of Chinese antelopes (subfamily Antilopiinae) based on mitochondrial ribosomal RNA gene Sequences. Journal of Zoology 261(3): 227–237. DOI: 10.1017/S0952836903004163
Leontyev A.N. 1949. Hunting. In: Proceedings of the Kyakhtinsk museum of natural history after academician V.A. Obruchev and Kyakhtinsk branch of the All-Union Geographical Society 16(1): 89–98. [In Russian]
Lhagvasuren B., Milner-Gulland E.J. 1997. The status and management of the Mongolian gazelle Procapra gutturosa population. Oryx 31(2): 127–133. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3008.1997.d01-6.x
Lukashkin A.S. 1927. Mongolian Steppe Gazelle «Dzeren». Proceedings of the Society for the Study of the Manchurian Krai. Zoology 1: 8–24. [In Russian]
Matiukhina D.S., Vitkalova A.V., Rybin A.N., Aramilev V.V., Shevtsova E.I., Miquelle D.G. 2016. Camera-trap monitoring of Amur Tiger (Panthera tigris altaica) in southwest Primorsky Krai, 2013–2016: preliminary results. Nature Conservation Research 1(3): 36–43.
Nikiforov N.M. 1973. Dzeren in the Tyva ASSR. In: Rare animal species of USSR and their protection. Moscow: Nauka. P. 118–119. [In Russian]
Nikiforov N.M., Shurygin V.V., Dankovtsev A.G. 1977. Distribution of rare ungulates in the Tyva ASSR. In: Rare animal species and their protection. Moscow: Nauka. P. 220–222. [In Russian]
Nyamsuren D., Joly Damien O., Enkhtuvshin S., Odonkhuu D., Olson K. A., Draisma M., Karesh W.B. 2006. Exposure of Mongolian gazelles (Procapra gutturosa) to foot and mouth disease virus. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42(1): 154–158. DOI: 10.7589/0090-3558-42.1.154
Olson K.A., Fuller T.K., Schaller G.B., Odonkhuu D., Murray M.G. 2005. Estimating the population density of Mongolian gazelles Procapra gutturosa by driving long-distance transects. Oryx 39(2): 164–169. DOI: 10.1017/S0030605305000402
Olson K.A., Fuller T.K., Mueller T., Bolortsetseg S., Leimgruber P., Fagan W.F. 2009. A mega-herd of more than 200,000 Mongolian gazelles Procapra gutturosa: A Consequence of habitat quality. Oryx 43(1): 149–153. DOI: 10.1017/S0030605307002293
Olson K.A., Fuller T.K., Mueller Th., Murray M.G., Nicolson C., Odonkhuu D., Bolortsetseg S., Schaller G.B. 2010. Annual movements of Mongolian gazelles: Nomads in the Eastern Steppe. Journal of Arid Environments 74: 1435–1442. DOI: 10.1016/j.jaridenv.2010.05.022
Pallas P.S. 1778. Reisen durch verschidene Provinzendes des Russischen Reiches in einem ausführichen Auszuge. Vol. 1 (Anhang). P. 2–30.
Radde G.I. 1862. Travel to southeastern Siberia. Notes of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society 4: 1–78. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of the Republic of Altai. Animals. Gorno-Altaisk, 2007. 400 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of the Republic of Buryatia. Rare and endangered species of animals, plants and fungi. Ulan-Ude: Publisher of Buryat Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch of RAS, 2013. 688 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of the Republic of Tyva: animals. Novosibirsk, 2002. 168 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of the Trans-Baikalsky Krai. Animals. Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk Publishing House, 2012. 344 p. [In Russian]
Rotshild E.V., Evdokimova A.K., Amgalan L. 1988. Abnormal content of microelements in plants as a factor in the death of the Mongolian Gazelle. Bulletin of Moscow Society of Naturalists 93(2): 35–42. [In Russian]
Sala O.E., Chapin F.S., Armesto J.J., Berlow E., Bloomfield J., Dirzo R., Huber-Sanwald E., Huenneke L.F., Jackson R.B., Kinzig A., Leemans R., Lodge D.M., Mooney H.A., Oesterheld M., Poff N.L., Sykes M.T., Walker B.H., Walker M., Wall D.H. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the Year 2100. Science 287: 1770–1774. DOI: 10.1126/science.287.5459.1770
Schaller G.B., Lhagvasuren B. 1998. A disease outbreak in Mongolian gazelles. Gnusletter 17: 17–18.
Smith M.J., Betts M.G., Forbes G.J., Kehler D.G., Bourgeois M.C., Flemming S.P. 2011. Independent effects of connectivity predict homing success by northern flying squirrel in a forest mosaic. Landscape Ecology 26: 709–721. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-011-9595-1
Sobanskiy G.G. 1990. Dzeren. Mammals. In: Research results of rare animals (Materials for the Red Data Book). Moscow: Central Research Laboratory of the Main Hunting. P. 31–33. [In Russian]
Sobanskiy G.G. 1992. Ungulates of Mountainous Altai. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 257 p. [In Russian]
Sokolov V.E., Dash Ya., Lushchekina A.A., Neronov V.M. 1982. Modern distribution and quantitative placement of dzeren in Mongolian People's Republic. In: Zoological studies in MPR. Moscow: Nauka. P. 7–20. [In Russian]
Sorokin V.A. 2005. Phylogeography of the Mongolian Gazelle (Procapra gutturosa). PhD thesis abstract. Moscow. 25 p. [In Russian]
Sorokin P.A., Kholodova M.V. 2006. Isolation of populations of the Mongolian gazelle Procapra gutturosa (Artiodacrtyla, Bovidae) in the past: analysis of MTDNA fragments with different mutation rates. Doklady Biological Sciences 409(1): 311–313. DOI: 10.1134/S0012496606040120
Sorokin P.A., Lushchekina A.A., Kholodova M.V., Kirilyuk V.E. 2005. Genetic diversity of the Mongolian gazelle Procapra guttorosa Pallas, 1777. Russian Journal of Genetics 41(10): 1101–1105. DOI: 10.1007/s11177-005-0206-6
Tsagaan S. 1980. Current range, abundance and main migration directions of the Mongolian Gazelle (Gazella gutturosa Gmel.). Proceedings of the Institute of General and Experimental Biology 15: 128–139. [In Russian]
Wang X., Sheng H., Bi J., Li M. 1997. Recent history and status of the Mongolian gazelle in Inner Mongolia, China. Oryx 31(2): 120–126. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-3008.1997.d01-100.x
Watson J.E.M., Whittaker R.J., Freudenberger D. 2005. Bird community responses to habitat fragmentation: how consistent are they across landscapes. Journal of Biogeography 32: 1353–1370. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2699.2005.01256.x