Vadim E. Kirilyuk, PhD, Director of the Daursky State Nature Biosphere Reserve; Russia, 674480, Trans-Baikal Krai, Onon district, Nizhniy Tsasuchey, Komsomolskaya Street, 76; e-mail:
Anna A. Lushchekina, PhD, Leading Researcher of the A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS; Russia, 119071, Moscow, Leninskiy Av., 33.

Reference to article

Kirilyuk V.E., Lushchekina A.A. 2017. Current status of Procapra gutturosa (Bovidae) in Russia. Nature Conservation Research 2(Suppl. 1): 81–99. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2017.018

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The Dzeren, or Mongolian Gazelle (Procapra gutturosa: Bovidae), is included in the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation. In this paper we present its current status in Russia, the legitimacy of attributing it to the IUCN Red List. We describe the restoration process of this species after its complete disappearance in the 1970s. The material is presented in the form of the main sections of the detailed article in the Red Data Book. It contains mainly original data on abundance dynamics, distribution, biotopical confinement, features of biology, limiting factors, accepted and proposed protection measures. A significant part of the information and proposals on protection measures for the Dzeren was included in the project «Strategy on conservation of the Mongolian gazelle in the Russian Federation». The Mongolian Gazelle has successfully established itself in Russia. In 2016, the extent of occurrence of local sedentary Procapra gutturosa groups was 5400 km2 with the population abundance of 8000 individuals. In addition, from several to 45,000-70,000 individuals annually migrate for wintering from Mongolia. According to the IUCN Categories and Criteria, the conservation status of the Mongolian Gazelle in the Russian part of its range corresponds to the category 1 (endangered species) of the Red Data Book of the Russian Federation.


abundance, IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria, Procapra gutturosa, programme and strategy for species' conservation, Red Data Book, State Nature Biosphere Reserve «Daursky», wildlife sanctuary «Dzerens' valley»

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Received: 09.04.2017

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