Article

Article name REVIEW OF THE SANITARY CONDITION OF CONIFEROUS FORESTS IN WINDFALL PLACES IN THE ILE-ALATAU NATIONAL PARK (KAZAKHSTAN) IN 2011–2015
Authors

Vladimir L. Kazenas, Chief Researcher, RSE Institute of Zoology of the Committee of Science, Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan; Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, 050060, Al-Farabi Avenue; e-mail: kazenas_vl@mail.ru.
Izbasar I. Temreshev, Senior Researcher, RSE Institute of Zoology of the Committee of Science, Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan; Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, 050060, Al-Farabi Avenue; e-mail: temreshev76@mail.ru
Perizat A. Esenbekova, Scientific Secretary, RSE Institute of Zoology of the Committee of Science, Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan; Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, 050060, Al-Farabi Avenue, 93; e-mail: esenbekova_periz@mail.ru

Reference to article

Kazenas V.L., Temreshev I.I., Esenbekova P.A. 2016. Review of the sanitary condition of coniferous forests in windfall places in the Ile-Alatau National park (Kazakhstan) in 2011–2015. Nature Conservation Research 1(1): 23–37. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2016.003

Section Resarch articles
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2016.003
Abstract

The article presents the results of a study on the species composition of stem pests- insects and limitation of their number, carried out in the Ile-Alatau State National Park (Kazakhstan) in 2011–2015. The reason for this study was a windfall, which occurred in 2011 in the National Park and followed a few years later by forest fires. These emergencies created a favourable environment for the reproduction of stem pests. The management of the Ile-Alatau National Park, together with the Institute of Zoology of the MES, has taken the necessary measures to investigate the species composition of the pests, their natural regulators and to conduct protective measures in the hotbeds of xylophages mass production. At the same time consultations and joint research with scientists from Kazakhstan, Russia, Kyrgyzstan and the Czech Republic were held. The monitoring of the state of forests started in 2011. The composition of species and number of xylophagous pests has been carried out. In the 2011–2015-surveys 48 species of stem pests, belonging to three orders of the class of insects, were found: Hemiptera, or Bugs (1 species, 1 family), Coleoptera, or Beetles (42 species, 5 families), Hymenoptera (5 species, 1 family). During all the years of research the Hauzer bark beetle Ips hauseri and the longhorn beetle ribbed ragy Rhagium inquisitor dominated numerically. Slightly less Orthotomicus suturalis and the kyrgyzstan micrograph Pityophthorus kirgisicus were found. Besides, the study of diseases of stem pests and their entomophages (predators and parasites) was carried out, which is a prerequisite for carrying out forest-pathological examinations. In total 53 species, from five classes, eleven orders and 27 families of invertebrates have been revealed. Most of them belong to the class of insects, others to spiders and centipedes. On several species of bark beetles and longhorn beetles an entomopathogenic fungus – white muscardine Beauveria bassiana was found. As the result of long-term monitoring, it was found out that due to removal and disposal of contaminated windfall wood, its natural decomposition in the field, the increasing number of entomophages and the spread of fungal epizootic among the pests there was a natural reduction of some old reproductive hotbeds of stem-pests, revealed in 2011–2013. However, the risk of the continued operation of some old and the emergence of new hotbeds is actual; that is why it is necessary to continue the monitoring of forest pathology and to use a number of stem pest control measures in future.

Keywords

entomophages, forest health, Kazakhstan, monitoring, State National Natural Park Ile-Alatau stem pests, windfall

Artice information

Submitted at 15.01.2016

The full text of the article
References

Beskokotov Yu.A. 1996. Insects cadastre of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve 7: 103–194. [In Russian]
Beskokotov Yu.A. 2001. Ecological-faunistic review of Hemiptera of Lygaeidae family in Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Problems of the nature reserve activity 10: 59–67. [In Russian]
Beskokotov Yu.A. 2016. Addition to the insects' cadastre of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve 11: 466–499. [In Russian]
Bulanov S.A. 2016. Relief of Aksu-Zhabagly nature reserve. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve 11: 94–107. [In Russian]
Bykov B.A., Kovshar A.F. 1982. Wilderness protection in Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: NaukaKazSSR. 214 p. [In Russian]
Derevyagin P.Ya., Polyakov P.P. (eds.). 1948. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly state nature reserve. Issue 1. Alma-Ata. 70 p. [In Russian]
Ivaschenko A.A. 1987. Ephemeroids of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature rserve (family Liliaceae). Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve: 5. [In Russian]
Ivaschenko A.A. 1996. On representativeness of flora and vegetation of nature reserve. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve 7: 50–61. [In Russian]
Ivaschenko A.A. 2002. List of higher plants of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Monitoring of biological diversity of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Almaty: Tethys, pp. 115–140. [In Russian]
Ivaschenko A.A. 2002. Rare and unique vegetation associations. Monitoring of biological diversity of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Almaty: Tethys. p. 56. [In Russian]
Ivaschenko A.A., Knistautas A.Yu. (eds.). 1988. Aksu-Dzhabagly [Photo album]. Alma-Ata, «Kainar». 192 p. [In Russian]
Karmysheva N.K. 1973. Flora and vegetation of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Alma-Ata. 176 p. [In Russian]
Karmysheva N.K. 1982. Flora and vegetation of Western spurs of Talasskiy Alatau. Alma-Ata: Nauka KazSSR. 160 p. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. (ed.). 1963. Aksu-Dzhabagly. Short guide to the most important sites of the nature reserve. Alma-Ata. 42 p. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. (ed.). 1972. Aksu-Dzhabagly. Guide of the nature reserve. 2nd Edition, supplemented. Alma-Ata. 88 p. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. (ed.). 1996. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly state nature reserve. Issue 7. Alma-Ata: «Konzhyk». 262 p. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. (ed.). 2001. Biological diversity of West Tien Shan [Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve: 8]. Kokshetau. 162 p. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. 1966. Birds of Talasskiy Alatau. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve 3: 437 p. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. 1969. Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Nature reserves of the Soviet Union. Moscow, pp. 464–474. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. 1973. Zoological research in Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Plant and animal world of nature reserves of Kazakhstan 3: 203–216. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. 1976. Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve's 50-anniversary. Alma-Ata. 182 p. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. 1976. History of establishment of the first nature reserve in Kazakhstan. Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve – 50-anniversary. Alma-Ata: Nauka KazSSR, pp. 16–33. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. 1989. Nature reserves of Kazakhstan. Alma-Ata: Nauka KazSSR. 127 p. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F. 2002. Monitoring of biological diversity of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve (collective authors). Almaty: Tethys. 184 p. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F., Chalikova E.S., Kolbintsev V.G. 2016. List of birds of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve (with background of Northern macroslope and foothill plain of West Tien Shan). Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve 11: 414–436. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F., Ivaschenko A.A. 1982. Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Alma-Ata. 160 p. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F., Ivaschenko A.A. 1990. Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Nature reserves of the USSR. Nature reserves of Middle Asia and Kazakhstan. Moscow: «Mysl», pp. 80–101. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F., Kurochkina L.Y., Karmysheva N.K. 1985. Condition and perspective of botanic and zoologic research in nature reserves of Kazakhstan. Problems of habitation of deserts 4: 26–31. [In Russian]
Kovshar A.F., Polyakov P.P. (eds.). 1965. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly state nature reserve. Issue 2. Alma-Ata: «Kainar». 262 p. [In Russian]
Nikolaev V.A. 1925. Preliminary report on geological research of 1924 in Turkestan. News of Geological Committee 44 (3). [In Russian]
Rachkovskaya E.I. 2006. Vegetation. Republic of Kazakhstan. Natural conditions and resources. P. 362–393. [In Russian]
Rachkovskaya E.I. 2016. Vegetation cover of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve 11: 149–170. [In Russian]
Rachkovskaya E.I., Safronova I.N., Volkova E.A. 2003. Botanic-geographical regioning. Botanical geography of Kazakhstan and Middle Asia (in the limits of desert region). Saint-Petersburg. P. 192–222. [In Russian]
Shulpin L.M. 2016. Landscape zones of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve and their avifaunistic populaiton. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly nature reserve 11: 303–414. [In Russian]
Valdschmidt L.I., Belousova L.K. 2007. Proceedings of Aksu-Dzhabagly state nature reserve. Issue 9, anniversary: Flora, fauna, natural complexes and their changes in 80 years. Shymkent. 254 p. [In Russian]
Yashchenko R.V. 2006. Aksu-Dzhabagly state nature reserve. Nature reserves of Middle Asia and Kazakhstan. Almaty: Tethys. P. 5–11. [In Russian]