Article

Article name A COMPLEX APPROACH TO STUDY THE AMUR LEOPARD USING CAMERA TRAPS IN PROTECTED AREAS IN THE SOUTHWEST OF PRIMORSKY KRAI (RUSSIAN FAR EAST)
Authors

Anna V. Vitkalova, Head of Scientific Department of the United Administration of the State Nature Biosphere Reserve Kedrovaya Pad and Land of the Leopard National Park; 690068, Russia, Primorsky Krai, Vladivostok, 100 let Vladivostoku, Ave., 127; e-mail: vitkalova@leopard-land.ru
Elena I. Shevtsova, Deputy Director of Scientific Department, United Administration of the State Nature Biosphere Reserve Kedrovaya Pad and Land of the Leopard National Park; 690068, Russia, Primorsky Krai, Vladivostok, 100 let Vladivostoku, Ave., 127; e-mail: shevtsova@leopard-land.ru

Reference to article

Vitkalova A.V., Shevtsova E.I. 2016. A complex approach to study the Amur leopard using camera traps in Protected Areas in the southwest of Primorsky krai (Russian Far East). Nature Conservation Research 1 (3): 53–58.

Section Resarch articles
DOI
Abstract

The paper describes the methodology and preliminary results of a complex camera trap study of the Amur leopard. The main studies were concentrated on protected areas: the Land of the Leopard National Park with its buffer zone and the Kedrovaya Pad' Biosphere Reserve, a total area of 3600 km2. The first results of the 2014–2015 survey period are presented. According to spatial capture-recapture analysis at least 57 adult Amur leopards occupied the Russian protected areas with the density of about 0.98 individuals/100 km2. The sex ratio (male : female) was 1:1.2. Five breeding females with 11 cubs were registered in 2014 and 9 females with 16 cubs in 2015. The basis was founded for long-term monitoring of and fundamental research on the Amur leopard in the protected areas in Primorsky Krai.

Keywords

Amur leopard, camera trap, capture-recapture, Panthera pardus orientalis, Primorsky Krai

Artice information

Received: 20.09.2016

The full text of the article
References

Aramilev V.V., Kostyria A.V., Sokolov S.A., Rybin A.N., McCullough D., Miquelle D. 2010. Monitoring of Far eastern leopard population (Panthera pardus orientalis) with photo traps. In: Proceedings of International Conference «The Amur Tiger in Northeast Asia: Planning for the 21st Century». Vladivostok. P. 345–351.
Aramilev V.V., Aramilev C.D. 2013. Report on Amur leopard snow survey. Vladivostok. 14 p. [In Russian]
Borah J., Sharma T., Das D., Rabha N., Kakati N., Basumatary A., Ahmed M.F., Vattakaven J. 2014. Abundance and density estimates for common leopard Panthera pardus and clouded leopard Neofelis nebulosa in Manas National Park, Assam, India. Oryx 48: 149–155.
Gopalaswamy A.M., Royle J.A., Hines J.E., Sing P., Jathanna D., Kumar N.S., Karanth K.U. 2012. Program SPACECAP: software for estimating animal density using spatially explicit capture-recapture models. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3 (6): 1067–1072.
Gopalaswamy A.M., Royle J.A., Meredith M.E., Sing P., Jathanna D., Kumar N.S., Karanth K.U. 2014. SPACECAP: An R package for estimating animal density using spatially explicit capture-recapture models. Wildlife Conservation Society – India Program, Centre for Wildlife Studies, Bengaluru, India. Version 1.1.0.
Hebblewhite M., Miquelle D.G., Murzin A.A., Aramilev V.V., Pikunov D.G., 2011. Predicting potential habitat and population size for reintroduction of the Far Eastern leopards in the Russian Far East. Biological Conservation 144: 2403–2413.
Hiby L., Lovell P., Patil N., Kumar N.S., Gopalaswamy A.M., Karanth K.U. 2009. A tiger cannot change its stripes: using a three-dimensional model tomatch images of living tigers and tiger skins. Biology letters 5 (3): 383–386.
Karanth K.U. 1995. Estimating tiger populations from camera-trap data using capture-recapture models. Biological Conservation 71: 333–338.
Kostyria A.V., Skorodelov A.S., Miquelle D.G., Aramilev V.V., McCullough D. 2003. Results of camera trap survey in Far Eastern leopard population in southwest Primorski Krai, winter 2002–2003. Report of the Wildlife Conservation Society and Institute of Sustainable Use of Nature Resources. Vladivostok. 23 p. [In Russian]
Kostyria A.V., Skorodelov A.S., Miquelle D.G., Aramilev V.V., Rybin A.N. 2006. Results of 6camera trap survey in Far Eastern leopard population in southwest Primorski Krai, winter 2006. Report of the Wildlife Conservation Society and Institute of Sustainable Use of Nature Resources. Vladivostok. 33 p. [In Russian]
Salmanova E. 2012. Amur leopard home range. In: Student conference on conservation science. UK, Cambridge: Cambridge university press. P. 42.
Stein A.B., Athreya V., Gerngross P., Balme G., Henschel P., Karanth U., Miquelle D., Rostro S., Kamler J.F., Laguardia A. 2016. Panthera pardus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016 : e.T15954A50659089. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T15954A50659089.en.
Wang S.W., Macdonald D.W. 2009. The use of camera traps for estimating tiger and leopard populations in the high altitude mountains of Bhutan. Biological Conservation 142 (3): 606–613.
Wang T.M., Feng L.M., Mou, P. Wu, J.G., Smith J.L.D., Xiao W.H., Yang H.T., Dou H.L., Zhao, X.D. Cheng, Y.C., Zhou B., Wu H.Y., Zhang L., Tian Y., Guo Q.X., Kou X.J., Han X.M., Miquelle D.G., Oliver C.D., Xu R.M., Ge J.P. 2015. Amur tigers and leopards returning to China: direct evidence and a landscape conservation plan. Landscape Ecology 31 (3): 491–503.
Wang, T., Feng L., Yang H., Hana B., Zhao Y., Juana L., Lüa X., Zou L., Li T., Xiao W., Mou P., Smith J.L.D., Ge J. 2016. A science-based approach to guide Amur leopard recovery in China. Biological Conservation. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.03.014