Article

Article name MACROZOOBENTHOS OF THE SHALLOW WATERS OF PECHORA BAY (SE BARENTS SEA)
Authors

Anna A. Gebruk,
Polina B. Borisova,
Milana A. Glebova,
Alexander B. Basin,
Miloslav I. Simakov,
Nikolay V. Shabalin,
Vadim O. Mokievsky

Reference to article

Gebruk A.A., Borisova P.B., Glebova M.A., Basin A.B., Simakov M.I., Shabalin N.V., Mokievsky V.O. 2019. Macrozoobenthos of the shallow waters of Pechora Bay (SE Barents Sea). Nature Conservation Research 4(4). https://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2019.058

Section Resarch articles
DOI https://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2019.058
Abstract

Macrozoobenthic communities provide vital ecosystem services including habitats and foraging resources for other species in all marine ecosystems. Although macrozoobenthos of deeper parts of the Pechora Sea (SE Barents Sea) have been studied in more detail, there is a lack of research in shallow waters of the Pechora Bay. The study area lies within the Nenetsky State Nature Reserve, established in 1997, to protect important breeding and moulting grounds of waterfowl. Macrozoobenthos provide key foraging resources for waterfowl in the nature reserve, however, there is a mismatch between ornithological and macrobenthic data. Eight stations were studied along the Russky Zavorot Peninsula in the Pechora Bay on a depth of 1.1–1.8 m within the near-shore zone of the Nenetsky State Nature Reserve in August 2016. A monodominant community of Limecola balthica with a biomass of 21.31 ± 0.32 g/m2 and 14 species in total was recorded across the area. The dominant species of the community correspond to those in the community of L. balthica recently described from the central estuarine part of the Pechora estuary. A low biomass and poor species richness in the L. balthica community support the earlier published results for the northern part of the bay and indicate the dependence of the community characteristics on environmental factors. The paucity of macrozoobenthos in the area is likely attributed to extreme environmental conditions including the following: (1) the water column freezes to the bottom during winter in the shallows of the Pechora estuary or (2) the freshwater flow spreads under the ice, severely impacting salinity. Hence the community is comprised of eurythermal and euryhaline forms and is reduced in biomass. It is unlikely that the shallows of the Russky Zavorot Peninsula play an important role as feeding grounds for benthic predators since a low in biomass barren community of a burrowing mollusc L. balthica does not provide enough foraging resources to feed stocks of waterfowl. The L. balthica-community could be used as an indicator of climate changes in the future – it is predicted that a reduction in sea ice volume will improve conditions for growth of L. balthica and may therefore lead to an increased body size and biomass of bivalves in the shallows.

Keywords

Arctic, biomass, estuary, Limecola balthica, macrobenthic community

Artice information

Received: 16.03.2018. Revised: 01.08.2019. Accepted: 02.08.2019.

The full text of the article
References

Brun E.I. 1971 Predation of Chlamys islandica (O.F. Müller) by eiders Somateria spp. Astarte 4(1): 23–29.
Byshev V.I., Galerkin L.I., Galerkina N.L., Shcherbinin A.D. 2003. Dynamics and structure of water bodies. In: E.A. Romankevich, A.P. Lisitsin, M.E. Vinogradov (Eds.): The Pechora Sea: Integrated Research. Moscow: More. P. 93–116. [In Russian]
Colwell R.K., Mao C.X., Chang J. 2004. Interpolating, extrapolating, and comparing incidence-based species accumulation curves. Ecology 85(10): 2717–2727. DOI: 10.1890/03-0557
Courtene-Jones W., Quinn B., Gary S.F., Mogg A.O., Narayanaswamy B.E. 2017. Microplastic pollution identified in deep-sea water and ingested by benthic invertebrates in the Rockall Trough, North Atlantic Ocean. Environmental Pollution 231(Pt 1): 271–280. DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2017.08.026
Dahle S., Denisenko S.G., Denisenko N.V., Cochrane S.J. 1998. Benthic fauna in the Pechora Sea. Sarsia 83(3): 183–210. DOI: 10.1080/00364827.1998.10413681
Denisenko N.V., Denisenko S.G., Lehtonen K.K. 2019. Distribution of macrozoobenthos in an Arctic estuary (Pechora Bay, SE Barents Sea) during the spring flood period. Polar Biology. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-018-02452-6
Denisenko S., Sandler H., Denisenko N., Rachor E. 1999. Current state in two estuarine bays of the Barents and Kara Seas. ICES Journal of Marine Science 56: 187–193.
Denisenko S.G., Denisenko N.V., Lehtonen K.K., Andersin A.B., Laine A.O. 2003. Macrozoobenthos of the Pechora Sea (SE Barents Sea): community structure and spatial distribution in relation to environmental conditions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 258: 109–123. DOI: 10.3354/meps258109
Denisenko S.G., Denisenko N.V., Chaban E.M., Gagaev S.Y., Petryashov V.V., Zhuravleva N.E., Sukhotin A.A. 2019. The current status of the macrozoobenthos around the Atlantic walrus haul-outs in the Pechora Sea (SE Barents Sea). Polar Biology. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-018-02455-3
Dobrovolsky A.D., Zalogin B.S. 1982. Seas of the USSR. Moscow: Moscow State University. 192 p. [In Russian]
Ellis D.V. 1995. Some observations on the shore fauna of Baffin Island. Arctic 8(4): 224–236. DOI: 10.14430/arctic3821
Filatova Z.A., Zenkevich L.A. 1957. Quantitative distribution of the seafloor fauna of the Kara Sea. Proceedings of the All-Union Hydrobiological Society 8: 3–62. [In Russian]
Hammer Ø., Harper D.A.T. 2006. Paleontological Data Analysis. 1st ed. Massachusetts: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing. P. 78–156.
Hammer Ø., Harper D.A.T., Ryan P.D. 2001. PAST: Paleontological statistics software package for education and data analysis. Palaeontologica Electronica 4(1): 9.
Hinz H., Prieto V., Kaiser M.J. 2009. Trawl disturbance on benthic communities: chronic effects and experimental predictions. Ecological Applications 19(3): 761–773. DOI: 10.1890/08-0351.1
IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2018-2. Available from: http://www.iucnredlist.org
Josefson A.B., Mokievsky V., Bergmann M., Blicher M.E., Bluhm B., Cochrane S., Denisenko N.V., Hasemann C., Jørgensen L., Klages M., Schewe I., Sejr M.K., Soltwedel T., Wesławski J.M., Włodarska-Kowalczuk M. 2013. Marine invertebrates (Chapter 8). In: H. Meltofte (Ed.): Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna. Akureyri: CAFF. P. 276–309.
Krasnov Yu., Goryaev Yu., Shavykin A., Nikolaeva N., Gavrilo M., Chernook V. 2002. Atlas of the Pechora Sea birds: distribution, abundance, dynamics, problems of protection. Apatity: Publishing Company of the Kola Branch of RAS. 164 p. [In Russian]
Kucheruk N.V., Mokievsky V.O., Denisov N.E. 1998. Macrobenthos of sea-shore zone in the southwestern part of the Kara Sea. Okeanologiya 38(1): 92–101. [In Russian]
Kucheruk N.V., Kotov A.V., Maksimova O.V., Pronina O.A., Sapozhnikov F.V., Malyh E.A. 2003. Benthos. In: E.A. Romankevich, A.P. Lisitsin, M.E. Vinogradov (Eds.): The Pechora Sea: Integrated Research. Moscow: More. P. 217–230. [In Russian]
Kwok R., Rothrock D.A. 2009. Decline in Arctic sea ice thickness from submarine and ICESat records: 1958–2008. Geophysical Research Letters 36(15): L15501. DOI: 10.1029/2009GL039035
La Beur L., Henry L.A., Kazanidis G., Hennige S., McDonald A., Shaver M., Roberts M. 2019. Baseline assessment of marine litter and microplastic ingestion by cold-water coral reef benthos at the East Mingulay Marine Protected Area (Sea of the Hebrides, western Scotland). Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 80. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00080
Lambert G., Shenkar N., Swalla B.J. 2010. First Pacific record of the north Atlantic ascidian Molgula citrina – bioinvasion or circumpolar distribution. Aquatic Invasions 5(4): 369–378. DOI: 10.3391/ai.2010.5.4.06
Lovvorn J.R., Richman S.E., Grebmeier J.M., Cooper L.W. 2003. Diet and body condition of spectacled eiders wintering in pack ice of the Bering Sea. Polar Biology 26(4): 259–267. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-003-0477-0
Merkel F.R., Mosbech A., Jamieson S.E., Falk K. 2007. The diet of king eiders wintering in Nuuk, Southwest Greenland, with reference to sympatric wintering common eiders. Polar Biology 30(12): 1593–1597. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-007-0321-z
Mokievsky V.O., Dgebuadze P.Yu., Neretin N.Yu. 2016. On the vertical structure of intertidal zone of Babye More lagoon. Trudy of the White Sea Biological Station. Vol. 12. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. P. 153–161. [In Russian]
Nenetsky Zapovednik. 2019. Nenetsky State Nature Reserve official website. Available from: http://www.nenetz.ru/. [In Russian]
Philippart C.J., van Aken H.M., Beukema J.J., Bos O.G., Cadée G.C., Dekker R. 2003. Climate-related changes in recruitment of the bivalve Macoma balthica. Limnology and Oceanography 48(6): 2171–2185. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2003.48.6.2171
Renaud P.E., Sejr M.K., Bluhm B.A., Sirenko B., Ellingsen I.H. 2015. The future of Arctic benthos: Expansion, invasion, and biodiversity. Progress in Oceanography 139: 244–257. DOI: 10.1016/j.pocean.2015.07.007
Spiridonov V., Gavrilo M., Krasnov Y., Makarov A., Nikolaeva N., Sergienko L., Popov A., Krasnova E. 2012. Toward the new role of marine and coastal protected areas in the arctic: the Russian case. In: F. Huettmann (Ed.): Protection of the Three Poles. Tokyo: Springer. P. 171–202. DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54006-9_8
Sukhotin A.A., Krasnov Y.V., Galaktionov K.V. 2008. Subtidal populations of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis as key determinants of waterfowl flocks in the southeastern Barents Sea. Polar Biology 31(11): 1357–1363. DOI: 10.1007/s00300-008-0474-4
Väinölä R., Varvio S.L. 1989. Biosystematics of Macoma balthica in northwestern Europe. In: Genetics and Reproduction of Marine Organisms: Proceedings of 23rd European Marine Biological Symposium. Fredensborg: Olsen & Olsen. P. 309–316.
Vihtakari M., Welcker J., Moe B., Chastel O., Tartu S., Hop H., Bech C., Descamps S., Gabrielsen G.W. 2018. Black-legged kittiwakes as messengers of Atlantification in the Arctic. Scientific Reports 8(1): 1178. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-19118-8
Whitfield A.K., Elliott M., Basset A., Blaber S.J.M., West R.J. 2012. Paradigms in estuarine ecology–a review of the Remane diagram with a suggested revised model for estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 97: 78–90. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2011.11.026
Zenkevich L.A. 1927. Quantitative estimation of the bottom fauna of the Pechora region of the Barents and White Seas. Proceedings of Floating Marine Scientific Institute 2(4): 3–64. [In Russian]
Zhirkov I.A. 2001. Polychaetes of the Arctic Ocean. Moscow: Yanus-K. 632 p. [In Russian]