Andrei A. Lebedinskii, Associate Professor of the Botany and Zoology Department of IBBM, Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (Gagarin Pr., 23, N. Novgorod, 603950, Russia); e-mail: email@example.com
Olga S. Noskova, Associate Professor of the Botany and Zoology Department of IBBM, Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod (Gagarin Pr., 23, N. Novgorod, 603950, Russia); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Alexander I. Dmitriev, Professor of the Department of Biology, Chemistry and Biochemical education, Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University (603950, Russia, Nizhny Novgorod, Ulyanov's Street, 1); e-mail: email@example.com
In the summer of 2010, about half of the Kerzhensky State Nature Biosphere Reserve territory (total area is 467.9 km2) suffered from a wildfire. During the seven following years, monitoring of the terrestrial vertebrate populations was conducted there. In total, six amphibian species, six reptile species, 142 bird species, and 20 small mammal species were registered. The particular wildfire impact on different vertebrate species was dissimilar. In the first year after the wildfire impact, bird populations in the habitats affected by different wildfire types were similar according to the Sorensen-Chekanovsky's index. This similarity increased over time. The species richness changed in different directions. At first study years, the abundance of the nesting bird populations increased both in burnt and unburnt sites, while later this parameter decreased a bit and stabilised. The bird populations of the unburnt habitats differ by lower indicators for the last five years. We distinguished the species (e.g. Sylvia communis) recognised as indicators of damaging by fire. These are birds which became abundant in the burnt forest, but were very rarely dominant and less abundant in unburnt forest. Fringilla coelebs was dominant in all habitats studied. For the small mammal communities, the wildfire influence affected a decrease (by 2–3 times) in the abundance and biodiversity indexes, and a change of dominants (from Clethrionomys glareolus to Apodemus flavicollis). ANOVA showed that the fires with a high degree of reliability (0.445; р-level < 1) had a higher impact on the small mammal communities. In amphibians and reptiles, the wildfire caused only a decrease in abundance followed by subsequent recovery without changes in community composition. The most intense post-fire changes in terrestrial vertebrate (Tetrapoda) populations were observed within the first five post-fire years. The amphibian and the reptile populations recovered after three post-fire years, while the recovery of bird and small mammal communities noted 4–5 years after the fire.
Bakka S.V., Kiseleva N.Yu. 2009. Protected Areas of the Nizhny Novgorod Region. Annotated list. Nizhny Novgorod. 560 p. [In Russian]
Bakka S.V., Kiselyova N.Yu., Odrova L.N. 2015. Vertebrate animals of the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve (annotated list). Proceedings of the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve 7: 6–59. [In Russian]
Bond W.J., Keeley J.E. 2005. Fire as a global 'herbivore': the ecology and evolution of flammable ecosystems. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20(7): 419–442. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2005.04.025
Bowman D.M., Balch J.K., Artaxo P., Bond W.J., Carlson J.M., Cochrane M.A., D'Antonio C.M., DeFries R.S., Doyle J.C., Harrison S.P., Johnston F.H., Keeley J.E., Krawchuk M.A., Kull C.A., Marston J.B., Moritz M.A., Prentice I.C., Roos C.I., Scott A.C., Swetnam T.W., van der Werf G.R., Pyne S.J. 2009. Fire in the Earth system. Science 324(5926): 481–484. DOI: 10.1126/science.1163886
Buyvolov A.Yu., Bykova E.P., Gavrilenko V.S., Fungi A.V., Bazhenov Yu.And., Borodin A.P., Goroshko A.O., Kirilyuk V.E., Korsun O.V., Kreydlin M.L., Kuksin G.V., Ryabinina Z.N. 2012. Analysis of domestic and foreign experience of management of the fires in steppes and related ecosystems, in particular, Protected Areas. Moscow: Institute of the Global Climate and Ecology of RosHydromet and RAS. 170 p. [In Russian]
Dementiev G.N., Gladkov V.A. (Ed.). 1951–1954. Birds of the Soviet Union. Moscow: Sovetskaya Nauka. Vol. 1–6. 652 p., 480 p., 680 p., 640 p., 803 p., 792 p. [In Russian]
Dmitriev A.I., Krivonogov D.M., Trushkova M.A., Zamoreva Zh.A. 2016. The assessment of living conditions of the small mammal communities after the severe 2010 wildfire in the conditions of the protection regime. Proceedings of the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve 8: 85–95. [In Russian]
Fisher J.T., Wilkinson L. 2005. The response of mammals to forest fire and timber harvest in the North American boreal forest. Mammal Review 35(1): 51–81. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365–2907.00053.x
Furyaev V.V. 1996. A role of the fires in the course of a forests formation. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 253 p. [In Russian]
Gongalsky K.B. 2014. Strong fires and soil fauna. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. 169 p. [In Russian]
Granström A. 2001. Fire Management for Biodiversity in the European Boreal Forest. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 16(sup003): 62–69. DOI: 10.1080/028275801300090627
Herrando S., Brotons L., Llacuna S. 2005. Post-fire dynamics in Mediterranean shrublands: are bird communities structured by arthropod availability? Revista Catalana d'Ornitologia 21: 17–28.
Holliday N.J. 1984. Carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) from a burned spruce forest (Picea spp.). Canadian Entomologist 116(7): 919–922. DOI: 10.4039/Ent116919-7
Holliday N.J. 1992. The carabid fauna (Coleoptera: Carabidae) during post-fire regeneration on boreal forest: properties and dynamics of species assemblages. Canadian Journal of Zoology 70(3): 440–452. DOI: 10.1139/z92-067
Hossack B.R., Lowe W.H., Corn P.S. 2013. Rapid increases and time lagged declines in amphibian occupancy after wildfire. Conservation Biology 27(1): 219–228. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2012.01921.x
Ibragimov A.K., Konkin S.F. 1983. Post-fire dynamics of the avifauna in the pine forests of Gorky Zavolzhye. In: Ecological-faunistic studies in a non-Chernozem zone of RSFSR. Saransk. P. 27–37. [In Russian]
Karaseva E.V., Telitsyna A.Yu. 1998. Methods of rodent studying in field conditions. Moscow: Nauka. 227 p. [In Russian]
Kuleshova L.V. 2009. The pulsing changes in distribution of Palearctic birds under the influence of severe fires. In: The ornithogeography of Palearctic: modern problems and prospects. Makhachkala. P. 147–153. [In Russian]
Lamotte M. 1975. The structure and function of a tropical savanna ecosystem. In: Tropical ecological systems: trends in terrestrial and aquatic research. Berlin: Springer Verl. P. 179–222. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-88533-4
Lebedinskii A.A., Pestov M.V. 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve in connection with the pyrogenic succession after the 2010 severe wildfire. Proceedings of the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve 6: 234–245. [In Russian]
Lebedinskii A.A., Pestov M.V. 2016. Ways of the post-fire herpetofauna restoration in the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve. Proceedings of the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve 8: 144–151. [In Russian]
Lebedinskii A.A., Pestov M.V. 2017. Features of post-wildfire recovery of forest herpetocomplexes as a consequence of physical and geographical peculiarities of the territory (on an example of the Kerzhensky Nature Reserve). Current Studies in Herpetology 17(1/2): 44–50. [In Russian] DOI: 10.18500/1814-6090-2017-17-1-2-44-50
Lussenhop J. 1976. Soil arthropod response to prairie burning. Ecology 57(1): 88–89. DOI: 10.2307/1936400
Mannapova E.I., Pestov M.V. 2002. Herpetofauna of the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve. Proceedings of the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve 2: 71–77. [In Russian]
Mannapova E.I., Pestov M.V., Lebedinskii A.A. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve. In: Second Conference of the Herpetologists of the Volga region. Togliatti. P. 37–38. [In Russian]
Margalef R. 1958. Information theory in ecology. International Journal of General Systems 3: 36–71.
Middendorf A.F. 1869. A travel on the North and the East of Siberia. Siberian fauna. Saint-Petersburg. 310 p. [In Russian]
Nikolaev N.N. 2015. Dynamics of the bird abundance in forest communities of the Oka State Nature Reserve affected by the 2010 wildfire. Proceedings of the Oka State Nature Reserve 33: 57–67. [In Russian]
Noskova O.S., Ruleva Yu.A., Kolesova N.E., Baranov S.A. 2017. Six-year dynamics of the nesting bird populations of the wetlands of the Kerzhensky Nature Reserve after the 2010 severe wildfires. In: West Siberian peat bogs and a cycle of carbon: the past and the present. Tomsk: Tomsk State University. P. 42–45. [In Russian]
Noskova O.S., Ruleva Yu.A., Kolesova N.E., Krupko M.S., Baranov S.A. 2014. Interannual and seasonal dynamics of the bird populations of the State Reserve «Kerzhensky» after the 2010 summer wildfire. Proceedings of the Kerzhensky State Nature Reserve 6: 245–254. [In Russian]
Noskova O.S., Sorokina Yu.A., Kolesova N.E., Bakka S.V., Odrova L.N., Baranov S.A. 2018. Changes of the summer bird population of Kerzhenets Nature Reserve within seven years after the strong fires of 2010. Ecosystems: Ecology and Dynamics 2(3): 29–36. [In Russian] DOI: 10.24411/2542-2006-2017-10014
Novikov G.A. 1949. The field studies of the terrestrial vertebrate ecology. Leningrad: Sovetskaya Nauka. 602 p. [In Russian]
Odum Yu. 1986. Ecology. Moscow: Mir. Vol. 1. 328 p. [In Russian]
Pausas J.G., Keeley J.E. 2009. A Burning Story: The Role of Fire in the History of Life. BioScience 59(7): 593–601. DOI:10.1525/bio.2009.59.7.10
Perera A., Buse L. 2014. Ecology of Wildfire Residuals in Boreal Forests. Wiley-Blackwell. 272 p.
Pielou E.C. 1966. The measurement of diversity in different types of biological collections. Journal of Theoretical Biology 13: 131–144. DOI: 10.1016/0022-5193(66)90013-0
Puzanov I.I., Kozlov V.I., Kiparisov G.I. 2005. Vertebrate animals of the Nizhny Novgorod region. Nizhny Novgorod. 544 p. [In Russian]
Ravkin Yu.S. 1967. About the count method of birds in the forest landscapes. Nature of the Focal Encephalitis in the Altai. Novosibirsk. P. 66–75. [In Russian]
Sannikov S.N. 1982. Forest fires as a factor of transformation of structure, regeneration, and evolution of biogeocenoses. Soviet Journal of Ecology 12(6): 328–337.
Shmeleva G.P. 2017. Fire impact on bird populations of the outwash plain (Balakhna lowland). In: Dynamics of the birds abundance in terrestrial landscapes. The 30 years of the programs of the wintering birds monitoring in Russia and adjacent regions. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. P. 277–282. [In Russian]
Simpson E.H. 1949. Measurement of diversity. Nature 163: 688. DOI: 10.1038/163688a0
Ushakov V.A., Ibragimov A.K., Ushakov A.V. 1991. The dynamic of the avifauna of the pine forests in connection with the fires. In: Materials of X All-Union Ornithological Conference. Minsk. Vol. 2(2). P. 262–263. [In Russian]
Wikars L.O. 1997. Effects of forest fire and the ecology of fire-adapted insects. PhD Thesis. Uppsala: Sweden University of Uppsala. 35 p.
Zozaya E.L., Brotons L., Herrando S., Pons P., Rost J., Clavero M. 2010. Monitoring spatial and temporal dynamics of bird communities in Mediterranean landscapes affected by large wildfires. Ardeola 57: 33–50.
Zwolak R. 2009. A meta-analysis of the effects of wildfire, clearcutting, and partial harvest on the abundance of North American small mammals. Forest Ecology and Management 258(5): 539–545. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.05.033