Article

Article name DAILY ACTIVITY OF THE EUROPEAN BADGER (MELES MELES, MUSTELIDAE, CARNIVORA) ON SETTS IN DARWIN RESERVE AND MESCHERA NATIONAL PARK (RUSSIA) IN SUMMER AND AUTUMN
Authors

Natalia V. Sidorchuk, Ph.D. Biol. Sci., Researcher of the A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS, Russia (33 Leninskij prosp., Moscow, 119071, Russia); e-mail: sidorchukn@gmail.com
Viatcheslav V. Rozhnov, Academician of the RAS, Director of the A.N. Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution of RAS, Russia (33 Leninskij prosp., Moscow, 119071, Russia)

Reference to article

Sidorchuk N.V., Rozhnov V.V. 2018. Daily activity of the European Badger (Meles meles, Mustelidae, Carnivora) on setts in Darwin Reserve and Meschera National Park (Russia) in summer and autumn. Nature Conservation Research 3(2): 47–56. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2018.032

Section Resarch articles
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2018.032
Abstract

The European badger's (Meles meles) daily activity was studied in two regions of European Russia with camera traps. The results of the study show that the daily activity of the European badger on settlements does not differ in the compared populations inhabiting Darwin Reserve and Meschera National Park. The badger appears on surface often during the daylight contrary to the classical idea of nocturnal activity of the species. More than half of all animal registrations occur at daylight during the summer. The moderate climate of the study areas and low level of human persecution are considered among the possible reasons of this type of activity. The daily activity of the European badger undergoes markedly seasonal changes in both populations. Badgers more often came out from their setts during daylight in summer and at night in autumn. The results have practical application in the organisation of the census of badgers by means of camera traps.

Keywords

camera trap, daily activity, Darwin Reserve, Meles meles, Meschera National Park

Artice information

Received: 30.01.2018

The full text of the article
References

Abelentsev V.I. 1966. Ecology and economic value of badger in Ukraine. In: Ecology and history of fauna of vertebrates in Ukraine. Kiev: Naukova dumka. P. 73–89. [In Russian]
Cresswell W.J., Harris S. 1988. The effect of weather conditions on the movements and activity of badgers (Meles meles) in a suburban environment. Journal of Zoology 216(1): 187–194. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1988.tb02424.x
Danilov P.I., Tumanov I.L. 1976. Mustelids of north-west of USSR. Leningrad: Nauka. 256 p. [In Russian]
Danilov P.I. 2005. Hunting animals of Karelia: the environment, resources, management, protection. Moscow: Nauka. 340 p. [In Russian]
Do Linh San E., Ferrari N., Weber J.-M. 2007. Spatio-temporal ecology and density of badgers Meles meles in the Swiss Jura Mountains. European Journal of Wildlife Research 53(4): 265–275. DOI: 10.1007/s10344-006-0085-8
Blokhin G.I., Alpatov V.V., Bagaturov M.F., Bagaturova A.A., Berezin M.V., Blokhina T.V., Vasenkov D.A., Vershinina T.A., Zhigarev I.A., Kartsev V.M., Kidov A.A., Kornilova M.B., Lavrov E.A., Malovichko L.V., Martynov A.V., Matushkina K.A., Petrovnin S.V., Spasskaya N.N., Tkacheva E.Yu., Shatalova S.P. Encyclopedia of Animals. 2012. M.: ROOSSA. 704 p. [In Russian]
Fedriani J.M., Palomares F., Delibes M. 1999. Niche relations among three sympatric Mediterraean carnivores. Oecologia 121(1): 138–148. DOI: 10.1007/s004420050915
Fowler P.A., Racey P.A. 1988. Overwintering strategies of the badger, Meles meles, at 57° N. Journal of Zoology 214(4): 635–651. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1988.tb03763.x
Gorshkov P.K. 1997. Badger in the ecosystems of the Tatarstan Republic. Kazan: Tabigat. 176 p. [In Russian]
Goszczyński J., Juszko S., Pacia A., Skoczyńska J. 2005. Activity of badgers (Meles meles) in Central Poland. Mammalian Biology – Zeitschrift für Säugetierkunde 70(1): 1–11. DOI: 10.1078/1616-5047-00171
Jackson R., Rodney M., Jerry D.R., Wangchuk R., Hunter D.O. 2005. Surveying snow leopard populations with emphasis on camera trapping: a handbook. Sonoma, California. 158 p.
Heptner V.G., Naumov N.P., Yurgenson P.B., Sludskiy A.A., Chirkova A.F., Bannikov A.G. 1967. Mammals of the Soviet Union. Vol. 2. Part 1. Moscow: Vysshaya Shkola. 1004 p. [In Russian]
Kowalczyk R., Jędrzejewska B., Zalewski A. 2003. Annual and circadian activity patterns of badgers (Meles meles) in Bialowieza Primeral Forest (eastern Poland) compared with other Palaearctic populations. Journal of Biogeography 30(3): 463–472. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2699.2003.00804.x
Kruuk H. 1978. Spatial organization and territorial behaviour of the European badger Meles meles. Journal of Zoology 184(1): 1–19. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1978.tb03262.x
Macdonald D.W., Newman C., Dean J., Buesching C.D., Johnson P.J. 2004. The distribution of Eurasian badger, Meles meles, setts in a high-density area: field observations contradict the sett dispersion hypothesis. Oikos 106(2): 295–307. DOI: 10.1111/j.0030-1299.2004.12879.x
Neal E. 1948. The Badger. London: Collins. 155 p.
O'Connell A.F., Nichols J.D., Karanth K.U. (Eds.). 2011. Camera Traps in Animal Ecology: Methods and Analyses. Springer Japan. 271 p. DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-99495-4
Ogurtsov S.S., Volkov V.P., Zheltukhin A.S. 2017. Review of some actual methods of storage, processing and analysis of data from camera traps in zoological research. Nature Conservation Research 2(1): 73–98. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2017.057 [In Russian]
Pankova N.L. 2016. Experience of using camera traps in studying the state of the Asian badger population in the Natural Park «Samarovsky Chugas» (Western Siberia). In: Theriofauna of Russia and adjacent territories (X Congress of Theriological society). Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. P. 313. [In Russian]
Quinn G.P., Keough M.J. 2002. Experimental design and data analysis for biologists. New York: Cambridge University Press. 537 p.
Relief and geology. In: Meschera National Park. 2006–2017. Available from: http://www.park-meshera.ru/about/Relef_i_geologiya. Retrieved on 27 January, 2018.
Rodrígues A., Martín R., Delibes M. 1996. Space use and activity in a Mediterranean population of badgers Meles meles. Acta Theriologica 41(1): 59–72. DOI: 10.4098/AT.arch.96-5
Rosalino L.M., Macdonald D.W., Santos-Reis M. 2005. Activity rhythms, movements and patterns of sett use by badgers, Meles meles, in a Mediterranean woodland. Mammalia 69(3–4): 395–408. DOI: 10.1515/mamm.2005.031
Rozhnov V.V., Sidorchuk N.V. 2016. Behavioural ecology of badgers. Experience in data collection by means of camera traps. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. 104 p. [In Russian]
Sidorchuk N.V., Volchenko A.E., Rozhnov V.V. 2007. Experience of using camera traps in studying the behavioural ecology of badger Meles meles. In: Theriofauna of Russia and adjacent territories (VIII Congress Theriological society). Proceedings of the International conference. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. P. 455. [In Russian]
Sidorchuk N.V., Rozhnov V.V. 2010. European badger in the Darwin reserve. Traditional and new methods in studying of ecology and behaviour of denning predators. Мoscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. 122 p. [In Russian]
Sidorchuk N.V., Volchenko A.E., Rozhnov V.V. 2014. Daily activity of the European badger (Meles meles Linnaeus, 1758) (Mustelidae, Mammalia) at settlements in several populations of European Russia. Povolzhsky Ecological Journal 4: 601–610. [In Russian]
Sidorchuk N.V., Maslov M.V., Rozhnov V.V. 2011. The experience of European and Asian badger individual identification by means of camera traps. In: Remote methods of research in zoology. Proceedings of the conference. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. P. 86. [In Russian]
Sidorchuk N.V., Maslov M.V., Rozhnov V.V. 2015. Role of badger setts in life of other carnivores. Studia Ecologiae et Bioethicae 13(1): 81–95.
Sidorchuk N.V., Rozhnov V.V., Maslov M.V. 2016. The daily activity of the Asian badger (Meles leucurus amurensis Schrenck 1859) in the settlements in the Ussuriisk reserve. Proceedings of Petrozavodsk State University 155(2): 42–48. [In Russian]
Sitnikova E.F. 2007. Daily activity of badger female (Meles meles) and badger cubs. In: IV All-Russian Conference on animal behaviour. Proceedings of the conference. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. P. 134. [In Russian]
Soloviev V.A. 2008. Biology and economic significance of badgers of the Vyatka-Kama interfluve. PhD Thesis. Balashikha. 23 p. [In Russian]
Stopka P., Johnson D.D.P. 2000. Badger (Meles meles) as a model species for the development of ecological and behavioural research. Lynx 31(2): 125–131.
Tuyttens F.A.M., Stapley N., Steward P.D., Macdonald D.W. 2001. Vigilance in badgers Meles meles: the effects of group size and human persecution. Acta Theriologica 46(1): 79–86. DOI: 10.1007/BF03192419