|Article name||FIRST RECORDED CASE OF FEMALE BROWN BEAR (URSUS ARCTOS: URSIDAE) WITH FIVE SECOND YEAR CUBS|
Gleb A. Sedash, Senior Researcher, National Park «Land of the Leopard» (690068, Russia, Primorskiy Krai, Vladivostok, pr. 100-letiya Vladivostoka 127); e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
|Reference to article||
Sedash G.A., Matiukhina D.S., Sonin P.L., Blidchenko E.Yu., Storozhuk V.B. 2018. First recorded case of female Brown bear (Ursus arctos: Ursidae) with five second year cubs. Nature Conservation Research 3(2): 104–107. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2018.015
We report the first case of a super-large brown bear (Ursus arctos) litter surviving until the second year of life. In the Land of the Leopard National Park, using camera traps, we recorded a female with five cubs two times – in March and in December 2017. Litters with more than four cubs are extremely rare for brown bears, and are known for newborn cubs only. We report the first documented evidence of a five-cub litter, which are very close to surviving through the first two years of their life while bear cub mortality is extremely high.
camera traps, extra-large litter, Land of the Leopard National Park, Russian Far East, Ursus arctos
|The full text of the article|
Barnes Jr.V., Smith R. 1993. Cub adoption by brown bears (Ursus arctos middendorffi) on Kodiak Island. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 107: 365–367.