Maria А. Galkina, PhD, Researcher of the Main Botanical Garden of RAS (127276, Botanichesaya street, 4. Moscow, Russia); e-mail:
Marianna А. Zueva, agronomist of the Main Botanical Garden of RAS (127276, Botanichesaya street, 4. Moscow, Russia); e-mail:

Reference to article

Galkina M.А., Zueva M.А. 2018. Collection «Flora of Siberia» in the Main Botanical Garden of RAS (Russia). Nature Conservation Research 3(1): 65–79.

Section Research articles

The exposition «Flora of Siberia» exists since the creation of the Main Botanical Garden of Russian Academy of Sciences and covers an area of 0.045 km². More than 100 species from 42 families and 84 genera of plants are cultivated on this territory. 65% species are successfully renewed, 80% species have been cultivated for more than 35 years. Meadow-forest plant species and species from lower mountain belt are most widely represented (31% and 23% respectively). The specifity of introduction in the climatic conditions of the centre of European Russia for many years were studied for some rare species – Melica altissima, Dasiphora fruticosa, Sibiraea laevigata etc. For a number of species from introduction populations characterised by an increase in the size of vegetative organs and an increase in the number of flowers in comparison with individuals of the same species from the natural phytocenoses of Siberia. The cultivation of new species is closely related to the problem of biological invasions. At the time of the foundation of the collection, in 1950s, the invasive species Sorbaria sorbifolia had not yet begun its expansion into natural phytocenoses of European Russia, and represented introductory value as a decorative species with an Asian area, but now there is strict monitoring of the number and area of the introduction population of Sorbaria sorbifolia at the exposition «Flora of Siberia». Currently, the collection is actively enriched, to include in its composition plant species from the botanical garden of the M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University in Yakutsk, seeds of several rare and protected species in many regions of Siberia were obtained: Alfredia cernua, Allium ramosum, Artemisia dracunculus, Filifolium sibiricum, Oxytropis pilosa, Draba sibirica, Silene amoena. Seeds of these species were germinated in three variants of conditions - with preliminary moist or dry cold stratification and without stratification. Our research has shown that Allium ramosum, Artemisia dracunculus and Silene amoena are most promising for seed introduction with a preliminary cold stratification.


cold stratification, flora of Siberia, invasive species, Main Botanical Garden of RAS, plant cultivation, rare species

Artice information

Received: 04.12.2017

The full text of the article

Alyanskaya N.S. 1972. About rhythm of development of Sayanian plants in Moscow. Bulletin Main Botanical Garden 83: 63–70. [In Russian]
Boikov T.G. 2009. Functioning of rare plant populations of Central Siberia. Contemporary Problems of Ecology 2(5): 444–450.
Cheryomushkina V.A. 2005. Propagation, Peculiarities of Seed Germination and Productivity of Wild Edible Onions in West Siberia. Acta Horticulturae 688: 129–132.
Demidov A.S., Potapova S.A. 2013. Main Botanical garden of RAS as a scientific, educational and recreational centre of Moscow. Modern problems of service and tourism 1: 82–86. [In Russian]
Dimeyeva L.A., Sitpayeva G.T., Sultanova B.M., Ussen K., Islamgulova A.F. 2015. High-Altitude Flora and Vegetation of Kazakhstan and Climate Change Impacts. In: M. Öztürk, K.R. Hakeem, I. Faridah-Hanum (Eds.): Climate Change Impacts on High-Altitude Ecosystems. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. P. 1–48.
Dvorakovskaya V.M. 2011. The experience of Far-Eastern plant of family Asteraceae cultivation in Main Botanical garden named after N.V. Tsitsin RAS. In: Botanical gardens in present-day world: theoretical and applied research. Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd. P. 160–162. [In Russian]
Federal Law of Russian Federation from 14 March 1995. №33-FL «About Protected Areas» (with additions and modifications). [In Russian]
Flora of Siberia. Vol. 2. Poaceae (Gramineae). Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1990. 361 p. [In Russian]
Flora of Siberia. Vol. 4. Araceae – Orchidaceae. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1987. 250 p. [In Russian]
Flora of Siberia. Vol. 6. Portulacaceae – Ranunculaceae. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1993. 310 p. [In Russian]
Flora of Siberia. Vol. 8. Rosaceae. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1988. 200 p. [In Russian]
Flora of Siberia. Vol. 9. Fabaceae (Leguminosae). Novosibirsk: Nauka,1994. 280 p. [In Russian]
Flora of Siberia. Vol. 13. Asteraceae (Compositae). Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1997. 472 p. [In Russian]
Green Data Book of Siberia. Rare and in need protection plant communities. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1996. 397 p. [In Russian]
Gutovskaya N.I. 1999. The experience of cultivation of plants from Siberian larch forests. In: Questions in dendrology on the frontier of XXI century. Moscow: Publisher of the Main Botanical Garden of RAS. P. 88–89. [In Russian]
Hu Y., Vincent G., Chen X. 2017. How Can Botanical Gardens Support Sustainable Urban Development? A Case Study of Shanghai Chenshan Botanical Garden. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 102(2): 303–308. DOI: 10.3417/D-16-00003A
IUCN. 2018. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2017-3. Available from Retrieved on 05 January 2018.
O'Donnell K., Sharrock S. 2017. The contribution of botanic gardens to ex situ conservation through seed banking. Plant Diversity. DOI: 10.1016/j.pld.2017.11.005
Oldfield S.F. 2009. Botanic gardens and the conservation of tree species. Trends in Plant Science 14(11): 581–583. DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2009.08.013
Red Data Book of Altay region. Vol. 1. Rare and threatened species of plants. Barnaul: Publisher «Altay», 2006. 262 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Altay Republic (plants). Gorno-Altaysk: Publisher «Gorno-Altayskaya tipografiya «, 2007. 400 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of the Republic of Buryatia: rare and threatened species of plants, animals and fungi. Ulan-Ude: Publisher of the Buryat Scientific Centre of SB RAS, 2013. 688 с. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Kemerovo region. Rare and threatened species of plants and fungi. Kemerovo: Book Publisher, 2012. 248 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous county – Ugra. Animals, plants, fungi. 2nd ed. Yekaterinburg: Publishing House «Basko», 2013. 460 с. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Krasnoyarsk region. Rare and threatment species of native plants and fungi. Krasnoyarsk: Publisher of the Siberian Federal University, 2012. 572 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Kurgan region. 2nd edition. Kurgan: Publisher of the Kurgan University, 2012. 448 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Omsk region. Omsk: Publishing House of OmGPU, 2015. 636 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Russian Federation (plants and fungi). Moscow: KMK Scientific Press Ltd., 2008. 885 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Sakha Republic (Yakutia). Vol. 1. Rare and threatened species of plants and fungi. Yakutsk: Publishing House «Sahapoligrafizdat», 2000. 256 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Tomsk region. 2nd ed. Tomsk: Publishing House «Pechatnaya manufaktura», 2013. 503 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Tyumen region: animals, plants, fungi. Yekaterinburg: Publisher of the Ural University, 2004. 496 p. [In Russian]
Red Data Book of Yamalo-Nenetskiy autonomous district. Animals, plants, fungi. Yekaterinburg: Publishing House «Basko», 2010. 307 p. [In Russian]
Trulevich N.V., Alferova Z.R., Vinogradova Yu.K. Botanico-geographical exhibitions of wild flora. Moscow: GEOS, 2007. 226 p. [In Russian]
Verloove F. 2014. Dasiphora fruticosa. In: Manual of the Alien Plants of Belgium. Available from Retrieved on 05 January 2018.
Vinogradova Yu.K., Mayorov S.R., Khorun L.V. 2010. Black Data Book of the flora of Central Russia. Moscow: GEOS. 512 p. [In Russian]