André B. Malekani, University of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Prescott A. Musaba, University of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Guy-Crispin T. Gembu, University of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Elie P. Bugentho, University of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Alfred S. Toengaho, University of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Gabriel B. Badjedjea, University of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Jean C. Ngabu, University of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Patrick K. Mutombo, University of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Anne Laudisoit, University of Antwerp, Belgium
Corneille N. Ewango, Wildlife Conservation Society, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Victor Van Cakenberghe, University of Antwerp, Belgium
Erik Verheyen, University of Antwerp, Belgium
Justin A. Asimonyo, University of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Franck M. Masudi, University of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Gédéon N. Bongo, University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Koto-te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, University of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; University of Gbadolite, Democratic Republic of the Congo; e-mail:

Reference to article

Malekani A.B., Musaba P.A., Gembu G.-C.T., Bugentho E.P., Toengaho A.S., Badjedjea G.B., Ngabu J.C., Mutombo P.K., Laudisoit A., Ewango C.N., Van Cakenberghe V., Verheyen E., Asimonyo J.A., Masudi F.M., Bongo G.N., Ngbolua K.N. 2018. Preliminary inventory of bats (Mammalia, Chiroptera) in three Protected Areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Nature Conservation Research 3(1): 92–96. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2018.006

Section Short Communications

As part of biodiversity monitoring in the Kisangani Forest Region, a survey of bats was conducted in three protected areas, specifically Lomami, Yangambi and Epulu. In this pilot study, a total of 201 specimens were collected using Japanese nets of different lengths (6, 9 and 12 m long) and a height of 2 m with a mesh size of 2 × 2 cm to capture bats. Captured specimens were identified using determination keys appropriate for the study area. The results of inventories in the three sites revealed that 201 specimens of captured bats belong to 2 sub-orders, 4 families, 9 genera and 12 species. The most abundant species were Epomops franqueti, Megaloglossus woermannii and Myotis bocagii. The following species, Epomops franqueti, Megaloglossus woermanii, Casinycteris argynnis, and Hipposideros caffer were found at all three sites. Based on the Shannon Index, it was observed that the Lomami site has a higher specific diversity than the two other areas (Yangambi and Epulu) 1.74 against 1.51 and 1.42 respectively.


biodiversity, Chiroptera, Epulu, Lomami, Protected Area, Yangambi

Artice information

Received: 18.07.2017

The full text of the article

Calisher C.H., Childs J.E., Field H.E., Holmes K.V., Schountz T. 2006. Bats: Improtant Reservoir Hosts of Emerging Viruses. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 19(3): 531–545. DOI: 10.1128/CMR.00017-06
Decher J., Hoffmann A., Schaer J., Norris R.W., Kadjo B., Astrin J., Monadjem A., Hutterer R. 2015. Bat diversity in the Simandou Mountain Range of Guinea, with the description of a new white-winged Vespertilionid. Acta Chiropterologica 17(2): 255–282.
De Wasseige C., Devers D., de Marcken P., Eba'a Atyi R., Nasi R., Mayaux P. 2009. Les forêts du bassin du Congo-Etat des forêts 2008. Luxembourg: Office des publications de l'Union Européenne. 426 p. DOI: 10.2788/32456
Dudu A., Mate M., Gambalemoke M., Danadu M., Gembu T., Kaswera K. 2002. La précarité de l'exploitation des ressources naturelles renouvelables : cas de la flore de la province orientale (RDC) en cette période de guerres et de la recherche de la paix. Kinshasa: Fondation Konrad Adenauer. P. 65–85.
FAO. 2009. Situation des forêts du monde. Rome: FAO. 152 p.
Fleming T.H. 1993. Plant-visiting bats. American Scientist 81: 460–467.
Gembu T. 2012. Population and food dynamics of fruit-eating Chiroptera (Mammalia) of the yoko forest reserve (Orientale Province). Thèse inédite. Kinshasa: University of Kinshasa. 172 p.
Gembu T. 2007. Pteropodidae (Megachiroptera, Mammalia) from the Kisangani region (DR Congo): Biometrics, ecological distribution and population structure. Master's Thesis. Kinshasa: University of Kinshasa. 55 p.
Ifuta N. 1993. Ecological and hormonal parameters during the growth and reproduction of Epomops franqueti (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of the equatorial rainforest of Masako (Kisangani, Zaire). PhD Thesis. KUL. 142 p.
INS. 2009. Bulletin of General Statistics. 2nd quarter. Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Katuala G.B. 2009. Biodiversity and biogeography of Myomorphic and Sciuromorphic rodents (Rodentia: Mammalia) of some forest blocks in the Kisangani region (DR Congo). PhD Thesis. Kisangani. 149 p.
Kingdom J. 2010. Guide des Mammifères d'Afrique. Paris: Eds Delachaux et Niestlé. 272 p.
Kruskop V.S., Lavrenchenko A.L. 2008. Primary results of a bat survey in south-western Ethiopia, with a new Ethiopian record of Kerivoula lanosa (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae). Russian Journal of Theriology 7(2): 71–76.
Ngohe T. 2013. Evolution of Catch and Distribution of Chiroptera (Mammalia) in the Kisangani Region (Kisangani, R.D.Congo): Case of the Zoological Garden, the Kisangani Arboretum and the Yoko Forest Reserve. Unpuplished manuscript. Kinshasa: University of Kinshasa. 53 p.
Plana V. 2004. Mechanisms and tempo of evolution in the African Guineo-Congolian rainforest. Philosophical Transactions B 359(1450): 1585–1594. DOI: 10.1098/rstb.2004.1535
Patterson D.B., Webala W.P. 2012. Keys to the Bats (Mammalia: Chiroptera) of East Africa. Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences 6: 1–60. DOI: 10.3158/2158-5520-12.6.1
Quérouil S. 2001. Interests and limitations of the molecular approach to address biogeography and speciation: the example of some mammals from tropical Africa. PhD Thesis. Rennes: University of Rennes 1. 310 p.
Vink A.P.A. 1983. Landscape ecology and land use. New York: Longman. 264 p.