Oleg G. Grishutkin, PhD, Docent of the Mordovia State Pedagogical Institute (Russia); Senior Researcher of the Joint Directorate of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve and National Park «Smolny» (Russia); e-mail:

Reference to article

Grishutkin O.G. 2017. The use of automatic weather stations to measure the soil temperature in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve (Russia) in 2016. Nature Conservation Research 2(3): 80–87. DOI: 10.24189/ncr.2017.049

Section Short Communications

The article presents the soil temperature data obtained using two automatic weather stations located in the Mordovia State Nature Reserve (Russia). Measurements were carried out at the soil surface and at depths of 20 cm, 40 cm and 60 cm. The meteorological stations are located 15 km apart, in general, in similar landscapes. This caused similar results of meteorological measurements. Differences in the average of the daily temperature at corresponding depths are less than 2°C. The average annual temperature differs less than 0.5°C, i.е. within a sensor's error. The annual temperature trend is typical for Central Russia. And it is characterised by well warming in summer and stagnation in winter. The diurnal amplitudes are small. This can be explained by the location of both weather stations under the forest canopy and a well-developed ground vegetation cover.


annual temperature trend, automatic weather station, daily temperature trend, soil temperature

Artice information

Received: 02.08.2017

The full text of the article

Arkhangelskaya T.A. 2012. Temperature regime of the complex soil cover. Moscow: GEOS. 282 p. [In Russian]
Arkhangelskaya T.A., Prokhorov M.V., Mazirov M.A. 2008. Annual temperature dynamics of arable soils of Vladimir opolye paleocryogenic complexes. Kriosfera Zemli 12(3): 80–86. [In Russian]
Bityukov N.A. 2012. Temperature Conditions of Brown Forest Soils under Beech Forests. Sochi Journal of Economy 3(21): 219–223. [In Russian]
Bolotov A.G. 2012. Soil temperature measurement by means of 1-WIRE technology. Bulletin of Altai State Agricultural University 11: 29–30. [In Russian]
Demakov Yu.P., Isaev A.V. 2013. Space variation of soil temperatures in upland and bottomland biogeocenoses. Proceedings of the Bolshaya Kokshaga State Nature Reserve 6: 39–47. [In Russian]
Dimo V.N. 1972. Thermal regime of soils in the USSR. Moscow: Kolos. 360 p. [In Russian]
Gafferberg I.G. 1960. Mordovia State Reserve. A brief physical-geographical outline of the nature of the Mordovia State Reserve. Proceedings of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve 1: 5–24. [In Russian]
Grishutkin O.G. 2014. Landscape natural landscapes of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve. Proceedings of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve 12: 309–316. [In Russian]
Hanks R.J., Ashcroft G.L. 1980. Applied Soil Physics. Soil Water and Temperature Applications. New York: Springer-Verlag. 159 p. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4684-0184-4
Kiselev M.V., Voropay N.N., Dyukarev N.A. 2016. Features of soils temperature regime of oligotrophic bog. Proceedings of higher educational institutions. Physics 59(7–2): 93–97. [In Russian]
Kuznetsov N.I. 1960. Vegetation of the Mordovia State Reserve. Proceedings of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve 1: 129–220. [In Russian]
Nebolsin S.I. 1925. Thermal regime of the soil. Temperature of loamy, podzolic soils under different vegetation cover. Proceedings of Geophysics Institute Mosgublit: 3–35. [In Russian]
Pavlikova S., Gaspar G. 2012. Automated collection of temperature data from the soil profile. Bulletin of Kalashnikov ISTU 1(53): 86–88.
Popovich L.V. 1987. Determination of thermal characteristics and heat exchange in soil. Moscow: Publisher of the Moscow State University. 56 p. [In Russian]
Remezov N.P. 1960. Genesis and forest characteristics of soils of the Mordovia State Reserve. Proceedings of the Mordovia State Nature Reserve 1: 25–70. [In Russian]
Shtabrovskaya I.M., Zenkova I.V. 2017. Study of the temperature of mountain soils in Khibin using automatic temperature sensors. In: The use of modern information technologies in boranical investigations. Apatity. P. 134–136. [In Russian]